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Canada

Study Master in Canada 2023

Study in Canada

Second largest country in the world covering most of the northern part of the North American continent, Canada has an extremely varied topography. In the east, the mountainous maritime provinces have an irregular coastline

on the Gulf of St.Lawrence and the Atlantic.The St.Lawrence plain, covering most of southern Quebec and Ontario, and the interior continental plain, covering southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and most of Alberta, are the principal cultivable areas.In the west rises the so famous Canadian Cordillera stretching

from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.

Lying north on the border of the United States, Canada is the second largest country in the world in regards to total area. Extending from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean, Canada also boasts of having one of the largest economies due to its abundance of natural resources that include oil, minerals, fisheries and forestry. It is considered a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a prime minister and Queen Elizabeth as the head of state. Canada ranks high among other global countries in human development, civil liberties, education, economic freedom and quality of life. In addition, it is a member of the United Nations, NAFTA, G8, NATO, WTO, APEC and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Because Canada has vast areas of heavily forested land, it has a population density of about three people per eight square miles (one kilometer). This demographic is one of the lowest in the world, comparable to parts of the North and South Poles, Russia and the Amazon jungle. Alternately, Southern Quebec and Southern Ontario contain the most densely populated regions of Canada, along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes.

Three territories and ten provinces comprise the federation of Canada. Provinces are more autonomous than territories in regards to welfare, health care and education, with provinces collecting additional revenue from the government. However, the federal government can implement national policies such as the Canadian Health Act in provinces. Although provinces have the right to decline initiation of federal policies, they usually chose to accept them.

Essential Facts about Canada

  • The capital of Canada is Ottawa, located in the province of Ontario.

  • Canada has two official languages--English and French. Nearly 60 percent of Canadians speak English while 20 percent speak French. Other languages commonly spoken in Canada due to its high level of multicultural diversity are Cantonese, German, Punjab and Italian.

  • The legal system in Quebec is based on a system of civil laws supported by French law;the rest of Canada adheres to the English common law system.

  • Canada contains an estimated two million lakes which covers around eight percent of its total landmass.

  • The maple leaf is Canada's national symbol and is displayed prominently on the country's flag.

  • Canada offers free basic health care to its citizens;however, dental service fees remain the responsibility of the person receiving such services. Prescription medications are mostly free to senior citizens over 65 as well as recipients of social aid.

  • The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (colloquially called"The Mounties"") are both a national and federal police force that is known for riding decorated horses as they patrol areas of Canada.

Canada's Climate

Average summer and winter temperatures vary widely from territory to territory. While southern parts of Canada experience weather conditions similar to that of the U.S., the Prairie and interior provinces have continental climate conditions where daily temperatures in winter can vary from

5 degree Fahrenheit to -30°

F (-15 to -35°C) on average. All areas of Canada are susceptible to large amounts of snow and rain. Montreal, Quebec and Ottawa present average summer temperatures of 78 degrees (25°C) Fahrenheit and average winter temperatures of 10 degrees Fahrenheit (-10°C).

Canadian Currency
The currency of Canada is the Canadian dollar, indicated by the symbols $ or C$, or the code CAD. Like the American dollar, the Canadian dollar is divided into 100 cents. Canada also produces coins that come in 1¢

, 5¢

, 10¢

, 25¢

, 50¢

, 1$, and 2$

denominations, although the 1 cent and 50 cent coins are

rarely seen in circulation. Currency notes come in 5, 10, 20, 50, 100

CAD denominations.

Change currency

Basic monthly living cost

  • Rent in a shared flat

    610
  • Share of utilities

    44
  • Internet subscription

    58
  • Local transportation

    70

Sample lifestyle cost

  • Fast food combo

    8
  • Cinema ticket

    10
  • Pint of local beer

    5

About Canada

Higher Education in Canada

It is the Canadian provinces of Ontario, Newfoundland and Labrador, Alberta, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Quebec, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island that are constitutionally responsible for higher education operations.

Although each province differs slightly in the way they manage their higher education system, some similarities remain that can

help students planning to study in Canada get an idea of what to expect from the country's education system.For example, all universities and colleges grant bachelor's master's and PhD degrees while vocational or technical colleges provide certificates or diplomas.Canadian higher education institutions also include community colleges that offer two year associate's degrees, colleges of Applied Arts and Technology, provincial institutes and private vocational colleges.If a student is interested in attending a particular college or university, he or she should visit the website of that particular province to learn more about its unique educational system.

Popular Universities in Canada

The University of Toronto consistently ranks high on the list of best North American universities.Offering students access to more academic courses than any other Canadian unversity as well as the chance to work in recognized research laboratories, UT is considered one of Canada's top-flight higher education institutions.

Other distinguished Canadian universities include the University of British Columbia, where over 50,000 students enjoy concert halls, museums and a variety of music and athletic programs;

and the University of Alberta, a world-respected and research intensive university known for its in-depth curriculum and high standards of learning.

Tuition Fees

Average tuition for Canadian students seeking to earn an undergraduate degree in their country is about $5000 CAD per year ($5000 in U.S. dollars and 3700 in euros). Students choosing to earn graduate degrees in Canada should expect to pay about $1000 (740 euros) more annually than undergraduation tuition fees.

International students are required to pay higher fees than Canadian residents--nearly three times the amount, in fact. If you are an international student, expect to pay $14,000 (10,400 euros) per year for undergraduate programs and an even higher amount for graduate degrees. Nonresidents attending Saskatchewan and Quebec universities pay the highest in tuition fees, while international students attending Newfoundland and Manitoba universities will pay the lowest tuition fees.

Eligibility for Study Visas

To be eligible to obtain a Canadian study visa, students must prove they have been accepted by a college or university in Canada,

show they can financially support themselves and pay tuition fees and present a clean record in regards to criminal history.Students may be asked to undergo a medical examination in some cases before a student visa is issued.

Why Study in Canada?

Although it is expensive for international students to attend higher education facilities in Canada, this country also has one of the best reputations regarding quality of education. In addition, Canada provides a peaceful, safe and diverse environment affording an excellent learning atmosphere for students wanting to experience one of the best educational systems in the world.

Visa Requirements

In order to study in Canada longer than 6 months, you need to obtain a Canadian study permit, which serves as a Canadian student visa for the duration of your stay.

What type of Visa do you need?

Visa name

Canadian study permit

Price and currency

CAD 150

Who can apply for the visa?

Most foreign nationals must apply for a study permit. A study permit, once issued, allows a foreign national to study in Canada at an approved institute for the duration of the specified course or program. In some cases, you do not require a study permit to go to school in Canada:

  1. If the course or program you intend to study is less than 6 months in duration.
  2. If you are a family member or staff of a foreign representative to Canada.
  3. If you are a member of a foreign armed force. However, you will still need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to fly to Canada.

Where can you make the application?

Online/paper application

You can apply for a Canadian study permit either online or through a paper application, which can be obtained from the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) website.

Website:https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/study-canada/study-permit/apply.html

How to make the application?

1. You must first obtain a standardized letter of acceptance from a recognized higher education provider.

2. The next stage is to get a Canadian student visa application package, either from the CIC website (http://www.cic.gc.ca) or by contacting your local visa office, or the Canadian embassy or consulate in your home country.

3. In order to get your application package, you’ll need to answer a few questions about yourself on the CIC website. These questions will determine whether you are eligible to apply online for a Canadian student permit, and what documents you’ll need to provide. If you are found eligible, you will receive a personal checklist code, valid for 60 days, which you will need in order to submit your application online. Make sure to print out the page containing your code for future reference. The page will also include an application guide, an estimated tuition fee amount, a list of documents you will need to submit with your application, and guidelines for your next steps.

4. When you are ready to apply, create a MyCIC account, where you will enter your personal checklist code. You will then receive your personal document checklist which allows you to upload and send your documents to CIC.

5. Once you have your documents and application form ready and have paid your fees, you can submit your completed application to CIC.

6. Some applicants may have to attend an interview at their local visa office.

7. When your application is approved, you’ll receive a letter of introduction, while students from countries that require an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) and/or a temporary residence visa will be issued these if required. The eTA will be linked to your passport. It is important that you travel with the passport you used when you applied for your study permit. The eTA will be valid for five years or until your passport expires, whichever comes first.

8. Present these along with your passport, proof of your finances and your letter of acceptance (and any other documents that you’ve been advised to take) to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) in Canada, who will then issue your Canadian study permit and allow you access into Canada. The required documents for the student visa in Canada include:

  • Completed application form;
  • The original letter of acceptance from the university;
  • A valid passport/travel document, which also allows you to return to your home country. If you live in the U.S.A., this is not necessary;
  • Two recent passport-size photographs, with specifications of name and date of birth on the back;
  • Proof of financial support during your studies that represent: tuition fee + 833 CAD/month (for all provinces, except Quebec) or tuition fee + 917 CAD/month (Quebec);
  • A letter of explanation;
  • If you intend to study in Quebec, you will also need a Certificat d’acceptation du Québec, English and French translations for your document, a statement from the translator, and a certified copy of the original documents;
  • Proof that you paid the study permit fee (150 CAD).

When should you apply?

Processing times vary. It depends on the type of application you submit, and where it is processed. Paper applications typically take about twice as long as online applications. It’s always recommended to check the processing times well in advance: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/times/temp.asp

Once you have a Canadian study permit, you can apply to renew it from within Canada if you decide to continue your studies.

Processing time

Work opportunities

You can work on or off-campus for up to 20 hours during university semesters and full-time during breaks such as the winter or summer holidays, without the need for a work permit. To qualify, you must have a valid study permit and be a full-time student. You will also need a Social Insurance Number (SIN) from Service Canada to work in Canada or to receive benefits and services from government programs. Your study permit will become invalid 90 days after you have completed your study program, so you’ll need to acquire a post-graduation work permit if you want to stay in Canada after your studies and seek work. This is valid for three years.

Hours per week

20

Why do you need this type of visa?

A Canadian student visa may be refused if the visa officer suspects that the applicant’s purpose in going to Canada was misrepresented - if a course of study was not the real reason an individual was applying. Even more probable, the proof of funds provided may be insufficient for the expected expenses of tuition, food, rent, etc, or may not be clearly adequate for a claimed course of studies.

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