Higher Education in Nigeria
The Federal Ministry of Education oversees higher education in Nigeria. The country uses the traditional three-tier degree system of bachelor, master and PhD degrees and there are three types of institutions of higher education – universities, polytechnics, and colleges of education. In addition to Master of Art and Master of Science degrees, institutions also award specialized master degrees such as Master of Architecture, Master of Engineering, Master of Business Administration, Master of Fine Arts, Master of Library Science, Master of Education, Master of Laws and Master of Public Administration.
There are more than 30 federal and state universities, some of which specialize in technology, agriculture or other academic disciplines. There are also more than 20 federal and state polytechnics. Together, these institutions graduate more than 70,000 students each year in a wide variety of disciplines, including engineering, natural sciences, social sciences, business studies and architecture. Dozens of private institutions of higher education exist as well, bring the total number of universities and other institutions to more than 110.
Tuition at federal and state schools is very low, about $US 1,000 per year for African students and only slightly higher for foreign students. The academic calendar is based on semesters and generally runs from September through June. Many masters degree programs can be completed in one year.
Why Study in Nigeria?
In addition to studying in English, students will obtain a quality education at a very reasonable price in Nigeria. Students who do not speak English as a first language will be able to hone their English skills, making them more valuable to international businesses. In addition, students who are from Africa or who plan to work in Africa after they complete their studies will find the multi-cultural experience in Nigeria, along with social and extra-curricular activities, to be very educational.
Although Nigeria has a National Health Insurance System for Nigerian citizens, international students should plan to obtain private health insurance or health insurance from their home country that is valid in Nigeria. The Nigerian health care system uses both government and private facilities.
Do not rush introductions in Nigeria. Take the time to ask people about their families and get to know them a bit before engaging in other discussions.
Hierarchical structures are important in Nigeria and older people are given a great deal of respect. Also be sure to address people by their proper academic or professional titles.