Master-level studies involve specialized study in a field of research or an area of professional practice. Earning a master’s degree demonstrates a higher level of mastery of the subject. Earning a master’s degree can take anywhere from a year to three or four years. Before you can graduate, you usually must write and defend a thesis, a long paper that is the culmination of your specialized research.
France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary semi-presidential republic located mostly in Western Europe, with several overseas regions and territories.
Top Master Programs in Urban Planning in France 2018
This Master aims to help students to develop a critical understanding of contemporary planning challenges for cities and urban regions, in the context of climate change and growing human needs. [+]
This Master aims to help students to develop a critical understanding of contemporary planning challenges for cities and urban regions, in the context of climate change and growing human needs. The program is designed so that students may confront up to date scientific knowledge on planning with their own cultural background and planning experiences. Through the Master, each student becomes familiar with the advantages and limitations of cross-national transfer of ‘good practices’ in the urban or regional policy field.
As a research Master, this program trains students to deal with up to date research issues and methods. It prepares students to start a Ph.D. or to take leadership roles in urban development and management, especially in an international context.... [-]
The Smart Cities and Urban Policy program provides an in-depth understanding of new and transforming metropolitan areas and their competitive environments. Over the course of two years, the building up of students’ toolbox is put to use through up to nine months of industrial internships. [+]
In an increasingly global economy, metropolitan areas are basic components of economic competition and growth. Capital, labor pools, knowledge, infrastructures and their distribution within and across geographical space play a major role in the economic development and prosperity of a metropolitan area.
As highlighted by the Economist, a report from the American think tank Brookings Institution shows that “the world's largest 300 metropolitan economies account for 19% of the global population and almost half the world's GDP. In the past decade, incomes and jobs tended to grow faster in these urban areas than their national averages”.
Despite international competition and free mobility of inputs like assets, raw materials, and knowledge, location still plays a fundamental role as a competitive edge. As rail, port and road infrastructures were amongst the key factors when determining where to locate a new business or a new branch, scarce human resources are now part of the decision-making process.... [-]