A masters refers to the completion of a graduate study program that prepares students to further their knowledge of a specific subject or advance their careers. The majority of masters are granted by state or public universities.
By definition, sustainability is a process that can be characterized by a certain socio-ecological ideal. In other words, sustainability is often linked to environmental goals of ensuring that resources are used in a costly and effective way as to minimize both waste and damage.
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country, located mostly on Anatolia in Western Asia and on East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Many Turkish universities (both public and private) are participating in pan-European student exchange programs (Socrates, Erasmus, and the like). Some also have agreements with non-European universities, too.
Top Master Programs in Sustainability Studies in Turkey 2018
As a vital input of economy, energy is one of the most strategic tools for sustainable development of countries. The contemporary energy system, which is 90 percent dependent on fossil fuels, is not sustainable due to resource scarcity, environmental problems, and global climate change. [+]
As a vital input of economy, energy is one of the most strategic tools for sustainable development of countries. The contemporary energy system, which is 90 percent dependent on fossil fuels, is not sustainable due to resource scarcity, environmental problems, and global climate change. Another factor increasing the importance of energy is that in today’s world, where natural gas is used as a transition fuel on the path towards a low-carbon energy system, the geopolitical rivalry among major energy players continues to heighten. This rivalry accelerates the struggle for resources and causes global economic and political destabilization.
Turkish energy system is also faced with crucial problems. Turkey imports about three-quarter of its energy in exchange for 50-60 billion USD and its dependence on foreign resources threatens energy security as well as the national security of the country. Turkey’s import dependency on natural gas and oil, which are the most consumed primary resources, is currently more than 90 percent. Furthermore, domestic energy production is gradually decreasing while the gap between production and consumption continues to widen. In the 21st century, state economy cannot be sustained under such circumstances in energy.... [-]