Masters Programs in Industrial Design

Compare 42 Masters Programs in Industrial Design

Industrial Design

Students who want to become professionals in the industrial design field are encouraged to pursue a Master in Industrial Design. In this program, students will learn to apply various design practices and techniques in order to develop a streamlined finished industrial design.

 

What is a Master in Industrial Design? A Master in Industrial Design is a program that teaches students how to go about developing quality industrial designs through a creative and effective process. Students who complete the program are equipped with the knowledge and tools necessary to create designs that are capable of improving societies and users. Students learn how to design products and plans that can improve many different industries, including lighting, graphics, automotive, packaging, furniture, exhibition, architecture, video, products, medical equipment, tabletop, and more.

 

Students who successfully receive a Master in Industrial Design will be armed with the education and experience necessary to pursue successful careers in industrial design. Because the program offers such a wide variety of focus areas, students can specialize in an area to which they are most drawn.

 

The cost of a master’s degree in industrial design varies based on the chosen institution and its location. Most programs can be completed within two years if students enroll in the program on a full-time basis.

 

Students who hold a master’s degree in industrial design are equipped to pursue professional careers in a variety of industries, including: exhibition designer, industrial designer, further education lecturer, secondary school teacher, higher education lecturer, purchasing manager, advertising account executive, and other careers related to industrial design. A Master in Industrial Design can also be useful in other careers, such as sales and marketing.

 

A Master in Industrial Design provides the experience and knowledge that students need to secure high-level positions in the industrial and product development industries. To find out more about how you can apply for a Master in Industrial Design, search for your program below and contact directly the admission office of the school of your choice by filling in the lead form.

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Master of Advanced Studies in Interaction Design

SUPSI
Campus Full time 2 semesters September 2017 Switzerland Lugano

The Master of Advanced Studies (MAS) in Interaction Design combines design thinking, prototyping techniques, digital fabrication, programming, and physical computing in one study program addressing the realization of projects in which the interaction between the design culture and the technological development allows to generate design-driven innovations. [+]

Masters in Industrial Design. Master of Advanced Studies in Interaction Design Designing Advanced Artifacts, Environments and Services The Master of Advanced Studies (MAS) in Interaction Design combines design thinking, prototyping techniques, digital fabrication, programming, and physical computing in one study program addressing the realization of projects in which the interaction between the design culture and the technological development allows to generate design-driven innovations. The program places Interaction design at the center of an original curriculum where it serves as the key element in the design of Advanced Artifacts, Environments, and Services. The goal of the MAS is to train skilled professionals who play a key role within the most innovative industrial and design fields. Methods and Approaches The MAS educational model focuses on methods and processes to generate innovations. Students have the opportunity to acquire Human Centred Design methods for the analysis and the solution of design problems and to autonomously practice research methods. A pragmatic problem-solving approach to design is applied in a laboratory environment. Peer to peer learning, iterative processes and the rapid prototyping of digital and physical solutions qualify the students to pursue careers in industry, research and design agencies, wherever technological innovation and design meet. Topics and Contents The MAS courses are held by well-recognized lecturers and in collaboration with an established network of organizations, research centers, design practices and companies. Topics such as user experience design, service design, user interface design, open design, spatial design, and information visualization are taught through design-driven courses that allow... [-]

Master in Physics and Technology of Advanced Materials

Universitatea De Vest Din Timisoara
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 Romania Timisoara

The Image morphology and visual art experiment Masters Programme, taught în English, offers the frame for researching and developing contemporary art conceptions and to experiment inter-medium forms of visual expression and comunication through creativity, theoretical and technical skills, inbetween instalation, graphic arts, sculpture and painting areas. [+]

The Faculty of Physics offers a Bachelor's programme (with three specializations: physics, medical physics and informatics-physics) and three Master's programmes tightly connected to the research performed by the faculty members. Two of the masters programms are given completely in english. These programms are designed to prepare students not only for advanced studies in physics, but also for employment upon graduation in physics and other disciplines related to science and technology. Talented students can continue the Master's program with a doctoral project in the Doctoral school of the faculty which is focused on three main topics: materials physics, theoretical and computational physics and medical physics. The Masters in Physics and Technology of Advanced Materials, taught în English, focuses on understanding and manipulating the physical properties of materials to discover new features with application relevance. Main course titles Complements of theoretical physics Complements of molecular and atomic physics Magnetism of nanosystems Physics of crystallization processes Plastic sign and object Complements of the material physics What Core Skills are Developed? General Skills: Creative application of research methods and problem solving; Elaborating studies and reports for application for publication; Capacity to take creative and independent action in solving problems, critical evaluation and demonstrative communications; Leadership skills and clear orientation skills to further develop professional growth. Professional Skills: Capacity to obtain materials with defined properties; Capacity to characterize specific materials properties in relation with their applications; Skills in using laboratory equipment for obtaining crystals and nano-microsystems; Capacity to use experimental techniques to grow laser materials... [-]

Master of Architectural Science - Sustainable Building Design & Performance

UCD College of Engineering and Architecture
Campus Full time 1 year September 2017 Ireland Dublin

The Masters in Sustainable Building Design & Performance taught masters programme is for those seeking to develop a career or hoping to undertake further studies in sustainable building analysis and design. [+]

Masters in Industrial Design. MArchSc Sustainable Building Design & Performance FT Graduate Taught (level 9 nfq, credits 90) The Masters in Sustainable Building Design & Performance taught masters programme is for those seeking to develop a career or hoping to undertake further studies in sustainable building analysis and design. It supports students to define themselves within the fields of sustainability, architecture, energy, environment and health. Students are encouraged and supported in the pursuit of a broad range of inter-related issues through active enquiry and autonomous investigation. The programme provides a learning environment within which each student is encouraged and can make a unique and individual contribution as well as being part of a team. It is delivered through lectures, seminars, tutorials and individual and group project work, all supported through contact time in class, individual supervisory sessions and online course content. The programme is designed to place value on each individual and their contribution to the group, supporting their development through an inclusive, exploratory and encouraging learning environment. Who should apply? Full Time option suitable for: Domestic(EEA) applicants: Yes International (Non EEA) applicants currently residing outside of the EEA Region. Yes Career Opportunities Graduates of the programme will be well positioned and will have a distinct advantage in securing roles in defining the sustainable future of the built environment. Students who have completed graduate and postgraduate programmes with the UCD School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy and the UCD Energy Research Group have gone on to work in world-renowned... [-]

Master in Design Management (MPS)

University of Bridgeport
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 USA Bridgeport

Encompassing courses in design thinking and business management, the Master of Professional Studies in Design Management (M.P.S.) degree at the Shintaro Akatsu School of Design (SASD) prepares design managers to lead creative teams in a variety of design-based industries. The outstanding faculty – both resident and visiting – help develop disruptive thinking using design as the fulcrum for increasing customer delight. [+]

Master in Design Management (MPS) Encompassing courses in design thinking and business management, the Master of Professional Studies in Design Management (M.P.S.) degree at the Shintaro Akatsu School of Design (SASD) prepares design managers to lead creative teams in a variety of design-based industries. The outstanding faculty – both resident and visiting – help develop disruptive thinking using design as the fulcrum for increasing customer delight. Design represents a valuable strategic asset – the tools and the processes to problem-solve and innovate. The management of that asset, the ability to understand, optimize, and steer that energy is becoming vital to an organization’s internal and external success. Category-leading companies like Apple, GE, Johnson & Johnson, Bose, and Schick know this to be a marketable truth. The MPS in Design Management program at SASD is a two-year intensive program for design professionals of all disciplines. Courses are specifically tailored to real-world issues facing designers and are taught by leading design management professionals. The team-based assignments focus on practical and actionable problem solving, preparing students to immediately use the information and skills they learn. Design Managers who graduate from SASD leave with the core skills and tools to apply design thinking to solve the most pressing business issues of our time: sustainability, social responsibility, and profitability. Design Management uses right brain processes to solve left brain problems. This is a screen grab of the top results of an online search for “design management.” There are more report-like documents than pretty designs, suggesting the... [-]

Master in Industrial Design

Scuola Politecnica di Design SPD
Campus Full time 15 months October 2017 Italy Milan

A designer conceives products addressed not only to a potential market, but also to the society that has its own consumer rituals and manners. The Master’s course provides an overall experience in product design, from the preliminary concept to its refinement, from physical and digital representation to the communication of the project. The educational approach stresses the experience provided to the user and... [+]

Masters in Industrial Design. A designer conceives products addressed not only to a potential market, but also to the society that has its own consumer rituals and manners. The Master’s course provides an overall experience in product design, from the preliminary concept to its refinement, from physical and digital representation to the communication of the project. The educational approach stresses the experience provided to the user and the social meaning of the product as the designer must also control the impact that his product will have on a social and environmental level. Students are proposed an open, interdisciplinary methodology that values their own cultural background and emphasizes the role of dialogue and mutual exchange in the creative process. The association with major industrial partners has the purpose of perfecting the education by providing students with challenging tasks that allow them to face the relationships with business and organizations in a mature way. Technical training is particularly emphasized to build up solid professional groundings. Students can use modelling and computer design laboratories equipe with the most advanced softwares. ADMISSION Upon selection the Master admits graduates in Industrial or Product Design, Architecture, Product Engineering or equivalent, and students from academies of applied arts; candidates who have gained significant professional experience in the field. The program has a limited number of places available. Applicants will be admitted upon selection based on the student’s CV, portfolio and on an interview. DURATION The Master lasts 15 months (from October to December of the following year,... [-]

Master Industrial Fashion Design

Scuola di Moda Vitali
Campus Part time 660 hours September 2017 Italy Ferrara

Subjects: Fashion illustration. Fashion styling. History of costume. Textile technology. Basic and fancy pattern making. Grading.Tailoring and industrial sewing techniques. Lectra CAD suite. [+]

Duration: 220 lessons 660 hours Start-up: September Attendance: From Tuesday to Friday from 9.00 to 12.00, Saturday from 9.30 am to 12.30 pm, Tuesday and Thursday from 14.30 to 17.30 Enrollment: Until June. Limited number. Subjects: Fashion illustration. Fashion styling. History of costume. Textile technology. Basic and fancy pattern making. Grading.Tailoring and industrial sewing techniques. Lectra CAD suite. Professional outlets: Companies producing clothes, fashion workshops, self-employment. Program Fashion Design - Canon of proportions and human anatomy, the draft, the included, the stylization. The technical drawing, pattern study of the base. The technical details. - The trend of the theme and target research, research materials and mood. Designing fabric: continuous printing, jumped, mirror, placed. Study of developments in the drapery of the different materials. - Achievements sketches based leaders: T-shirts, lingerie, swimwear, skirts, pants, jeans, shirts, jackets, vests, jackets, coats, suits, knitwear. Realization ready to wear collections theme and target free: night collection, sweatshirts, sports jackets, shirts, knitwear. - Realization collections prêt-à-porter theme and set target: a collection suit, large size, day, evening. Realization haute couture theme and set target: collection wedding and evening dresses. - Textile technology : fabrics, commercial functional and decorative technique. - History of costume and fashion. Psychology of colors. - Men's collection, accessories collection and kids collection. - The structure of the company, the professionals in fashion. - Construction of a final project: choice of subject, target, materials, construction of the mood, creating a collection with its organic sheets. Pattern making - Basic skirt - 12... [-]

Master in Global Design

Groupe ESC Troyes in Champagne
Campus Full time 2 - 2 years September 2017 France Troyes

Groupe ESC Troyes in Champagne was created in 1992, is therefore the youngest French Business School. It enjoys all national accreditations (full recognition by the National Ministry of Higher Education and Research, accredited by the “Conférence des Grandes Ecoles” of France, etc.) and has just started application for international accreditation (EFMD + AACSB). It runs presently 4 major schools: - School of International Business & Management (undergraduate : 4 Year Bachelor’s Degree with Honors, 34 double degrees all over the world, benefits of a specific label from the French and the German Government ) - Graduate School of Management (2 Year Master’s Degree with majors in Marketing & Strategy, HRM, Finance, Innovation & Entrepreneurship). - School of Tourism, Leisure & Events Management (3 Year Bachelor’s Degree + MBA) - School of Design (3 Year Bachelor’s Degree + 2 Year Master’s Degree) The student population is now 1700 students (440 in 2004) + 380 international exchange students. Its (really living) international network (student and teacher/research exchange) is comprised of 196 partner universities. Groupe ESC Troyes School of Design trains students for design careers. Thanks to the many internships and pedagogical projects with companies we train our students for general design careers in creative and design careers. The training is based on simple, solid principles of creative openness and the mastery of technical tools connected with the business world. Teaching is based on the acquisition of essential basics and new materials in design in order to develop students’ creativity and its concrete application. [+]

Master in Global Design

The ancient abbey «Abbaye Saint-Martin-Es-Aires» dating from the XVI century, hoststhe School of Design (Ecole Supérieure de Design). From this location full of history in the business world, students improve their learning skills dealing with companies on real cases. To allow students to experience their creative passion to the full, and to create some good prospects for the future, the pedagogical approach is based on listening to the expectations of professionals through the management of projects and the competitions. On top of that, students carry out an internship of six months minimum in order to gain a real approach of the business world that will make all the difference at the end of their studies.... [-]


Master of Engineering in Advanced Robotics

Centrale Nantes
Campus Full time 18 months September 2017 France Nantes

This Master program focuses on Advanced Robotics. More generally, it deals with modern techniques in systems engineering for the modelling, simulation, optimization, analysis and control of a variety of robotics systems. [+]

This Master is internationally recognized and accredited by the French Ministry of Higher Education. The quality of this Master has been recognized by the European Union by supporting the European Master on Advanced RObotics + (EMARO +) in the framework of the Erasmus Mundus programme.

Language of teaching

Courses fully taught in English during the two years.

The Master "Advanced Robotics" relies on the staff members and on the scientific and research facilities of the IRCCyN (Institut de Recherche en Communication et CYbernetique de Nantes " (www.irccyn.ec-nantes.fr)

OBJECTIVES

This Master program focuses on Advanced Robotics. More generally, it deals with modern techniques in systems engineering for the modelling, simulation, optimization, analysis and control of a variety of robotics systems.... [-]


M.Des. in Industrial Arts and Design Practices

Srishti Institute of Art, Design and Technology
Campus Full time 2 years July 2017 India Bangalore

We facilitate design and art professionals of the future, who can work in multiple contexts, make complex connections, lead and manage change. We facilitate and inculcate working with autonomy towards a clear self-position, be it as an entrepreneur, a design lead or as an independent creative practitioner. [+]

Masters in Industrial Design. M.Des. in Industrial Arts and Design Practices The future of ‘how, why and where things are made’ is rapidly changing with new technologies and possibilities emerging every day. What does this mean for the designer of the future? How can we use the power of new technologies along with the unique tradition of making we have in India to create a new language in design and art? We facilitate design and art professionals of the future, who can work in multiple contexts, make complex connections, lead and manage change. We facilitate and inculcate working with autonomy towards a clear self-position, be it as an entrepreneur, a design lead or as an independent creative practitioner. The course combines best practices from art and design methodologies, which then allows the student a complex navigation between exploring, conceptualizing and translation. The common values of art and design lie in rigorous understanding and embracing of thinking and making practices using tools like mapping, systems understanding, making informed choices about materials and processes and translating the abstract into tangible form etc. The artistic practice allows one to develop sensibilities exploring multiple materials, techniques and technologies, craft and mass manufacturing industries leading to a rigorous search for form and content. The program opens up possibilities to establish a dialogue between multiple media, materiality and conceptual rigor. The course allows you to build a creative practice based on the previous education and experiences, without abandoning the same. The overall learning experience helps you... [-]

Master in Industrial Design

Designskolen Kolding
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 Denmark Kolding

As a result of the transition from an industrialised society to a knowledge and communication based society, Industrial Design is a discipline in rapid development. [+]

Master in Industrial DesignAs a result of the transition from an industrialised society to a knowledge and communication based society, Industrial Design is a discipline in rapid development.More products than ever before are being manufactured, but regrettably, levels of quality vary. As products become more intelligent and communicative, demands on them change. A product’s sense of value is now less that of the material and more of what it can do and what can be done with it.In the Industrial Design domain, students work with classic skills of sketching, marker drawing, 3D computer modelling and model making. However, students are also, to a greater extent, involved with concept development that, in more general terms, considers users in contexts of the future and the immaterial values that products bear with them. Hence, user-observation and interaction mapping have become core areas of the discipline.Industrial Design emphasises idea generation and visualisation as much as collaboration with industry and other professionals such as marketing experts, economists, engineers, sociologists and anthropologists.Industrial Design has an ongoing collaboration with a range of companies in both teaching and project development, amongst others Bang and Olufsen, Lego, Innovation Lab and Kildemoes.... [-]


Master in Interior Design for Luxury Rides (Yacht, private Jet and Helicopter)

Haute Future Fashion Academy
Campus Full time October 2017 Italy Milan

The Interior Designer is the creative mind who is responsible for designing the interior spaces of a myriad of different environments: prestigious boutiques, select clubs, exclusive resorts, private residences or luxury yachts. [+]

Masters in Industrial Design. Master in Interior Design for Luxury Rides (Yacht, private Jet and Helicopter) The Interior Designer is the creative mind who is responsible for designing the interior spaces of a myriad of different environments: prestigious boutiques, select clubs, exclusive resorts, private residences or luxury yachts. It is considered to all effects a designer of interiors and his expertise must necessarily embrace a broad range of areas such as Architecture, Design, Fashion and Art. It is a profession requiring design skills, aesthetic sense and ability to innovate, in order to propose excellent quality ideas that are able to attract and satisfy the most demanding elites. The most famous Interior Designers, as a matter of fact, are often likened to real artists and their names appear in magazines and daily newspapers throughout the world. They are much sought after personalities and deal with people who are very prominent and of high social standing on a daily basis. The aim of the Master course is to train professionals who are specialized in the Luxury sector, to develop their skills to design the interior space of the most luxurious elements “Yacht- Private jet- Helicopter”. They will be able to combine their own creative flair with the needs of different clients, paying particular attention to the aesthetical aspects, but also to the practical and functional ones, and at the same time respecting the highest standards. The course program is structured in such a way as to provide students both with practical skills,... [-]

Master in Design and Development of Vehicle Dynamics

University of Pavia
Campus Full time 1 year October 2017 Italy Pavia Milan + 1 more

The Programme has the aim of training highly qualified professionals with a solid background in the design of vehicle dynamics and capable of operating in all the phases of design and development of the vehicle, from dynamic simulation to testing the prototype and the preproduction vehicle. [+]

New Edition Academic Year 2017-2018 The Programme has the aim of training highly qualified professionals with a solid background in the design of vehicle dynamics and capable of operating in all the phases of design and development of the vehicle, from dynamic simulation to testing the prototype and the preproduction vehicle. The Course provides students with special and specific competence in vehicle testing techniques, both virtually, through CAE, and experimentally on the real vehicle (on track and road). See the promotional video of the Programme The training program, as an absolutely innovative element, includes, alongside frontal instruction, test sessions on the circuit of the Quattroruote Safe Driving Centre, during which the participants will be engaged at first hand in learning the techniques and methodologies used in testing, inspection, checks and fine tuning of the vehicle dynamic behavior. All the participants will take a specially designed course in Advanced Driving, oriented to the subsequent phase of testing and inspection on the circuit. The training program of the Course is completed, and this aspect also represents an innovation, by the use of a static simulator for developing vehicles in a virtual environment. The Programme is a full time, international, one-year course equivalent to 1,500 hours and to a total of 60 ECTS points, divided into frontal instruction at the University of Pavia, Palazzo Vistarino, practical exercises at the Quattroruote circuit (Vairano di Vidigulfo, Pavia), an internship period (equivalent to 24 ECTS points) at the main automotive companies, guided tours to facilities related... [-]

Master in Creative Industries Design

National Cheng Kung University
Campus Full time Part time 2 - 4 years September 2017 Taiwan Tainan + 1 more

Creative Industry (CI) has its origins in individual creativity, skill and talent and it provides a potential for wealth and job creation through the generation and the exploitation of intellectual property. Major categories include visual arts, music and performing arts, cultural facilities, crafts, film, broadcasting and television, publishing, advertising, design, digital entertainments, brand fashion design, creative life, architectural design, etc. In order to meet the industrial ideology in the new era, Institute of Creative Industry Design (ICID) promotes new life and energy by integrating various professionals to engage in its multifaceted research. [+]

Masters in Industrial Design. Creative Industry (CI) has its origins in individual creativity, skill and talent and it provides a potential for wealth and job creation through the generation and the exploitation of intellectual property. Major categories include visual arts, music and performing arts, cultural facilities, crafts, film, broadcasting and television, publishing, advertising, design, digital entertainments, brand fashion design, creative life, architectural design, etc. In order to meet the industrial ideology in the new era, Institute of Creative Industry Design (ICID) promotes new life and energy by integrating various professionals to engage in its multifaceted research. Future Development The Institute of Creative Industry Design at National Cheng Kung University is a part of the College of Planning and Design. ICID has its roots in Industrial Design but has evolved into a combination of industrial planning and enterprise innovations, with a focus on design applications and strategy management in business terms. ICID will economize and industrialize creative productions via modern technology design management (services and policies) and cultural development products. Curriculum Local or international students with a four-year honors baccalaureate (in any major) or equivalent are eligible to apply for Master's Program. The degree requires a minimum of two years of study, allowing for a maximum of four years. Common required courses Title Credit INTRODUCTION TO CREATIVE INDUSTRIES 3 CREATIVE INDUSTRIES EXPERIENCE (1) 1 CREATIVE INDUSTRIES EXPERIENCE (2) 1 SEMINAR(1) 0 SEMINAR(2) 0 If students want to take other design courses from other departments or schools for credit transfer, students need... [-]

Master of Furniture Design

CEPT University
Campus Full time 2 years July 2017 India Ahmedabad

Furniture is an integral part of human habitat. Depending on the type of living environment, furniture could be the result of a bespoke design or it may be an object that is mass produced. The M. Design – Furniture Design program is a pragmatic response to the growing needs of the furniture industry and of the retail market to-day. The exponential rate of growth across all metro cities is leading to a huge demand for high quality affordable furniture in all sectors. Currently, a large percentage of furniture supplied to the market comes from abroad and could as easily be designed and made in India. [+]

Master of Furniture Design Faculty of Design –CEPT University Furniture is an integral part of human habitat. Depending on the type of living environment, furniture could be the result of a bespoke design or it may be an object that is mass produced. The M. Design – Furniture Design program is a pragmatic response to the growing needs of the furniture industry and of the retail market to-day. The exponential rate of growth across all metro cities is leading to a huge demand for high quality affordable furniture in all sectors. Currently, a large percentage of furniture supplied to the market comes from abroad and could as easily be designed and made in India. In the spirit of the new ‘Make in India’ initiative promoted by the national government, this program will prepare students to be a part of the emerging reality of India as a global, high-tech, high-skill industrial hub. The program aligns with the ‘Make in India’ initiative in its vision to: Foster Innovation Enhance skill development Protect intellectual property Build best-in-class manufacturing infrastructure Addressing this reality, the program will equip students with the tools to be able to add value to all aspects of the furniture industry. "Adding value" is the key objective for the designer whereby the detailed understanding of materials and manufacturing processes enable better products to be made. In addition, the needs of the consumer, either private individuals, corporate or institutional customers, will be understood so that the most appropriate design solutions may be... [-]

Master in Industrial Design

Jönköping University
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 Sweden Jönköping

This Master's programme provides the opportunity to broaden your knowledge and creativity within the area of industrial design. You will learn more about the whole design process from a human point of view, with a focus on usability, ergonomics, aesthetics, materials and production, as well as drafting techniques and visualisation. [+]

Masters in Industrial Design. This Master's programme provides the opportunity to broaden your knowledge and creativity within the area of industrial design. You will learn more about the whole design process from a human point of view, with a focus on usability, ergonomics, aesthetics, materials and production, as well as drafting techniques and visualisation. Creating good ideas and making them look great The courses has an interdisciplinary approach and is guided by the relationship between humans and products. The programme provides students the opportunity to use a variety of tools to quickly visualize ideas and concepts in order to develop their creativity in the design studio and through model workshops. Students also learn to formulate and present ideas and solutions and identify new products and opportunities. A considerable part of this Master's programme is run in project form, implementing sharp projects in collaboration with a company. Two tracks The Master's programme is made up of two tracks, each of them running during two semesters/one year. The first year you study the track "The Man and the Product" and you will learn more about design communications, business and ergonomics. The second year's track is called "The Company and the Environment", and you will then focus on sharp projects within the area of industrial design. Next generation of engineers The School of Engineering, Jönköping University, is a member of the prestigious collaborative between leading engineering schools worldwide - the CDIO Initiative™. The CDIO Initiative is an innovative educational framework to conceive and... [-]