A master's degree is a postgraduate academic degree. One must already have an undergraduate degree to apply for a master's program. Most master's degree program would require students to complete a master's thesis or research paper.
A Master is a degree that demonstrates students have completed advanced studies in their field of training. This program is available for students with an undergraduate degree, and it often takes one to two years to complete.
France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary semi-presidential republic located mostly in Western Europe, with several overseas regions and territories.
Situated in the Vienne department in the Poitou-Charentes region of France is Poitiers city. It is a commune of the said department and has more than 91,000 residents. It is home to the University of Poitiers and 2 business and engineering schools.
IMACS is an integrated Master of Science designed by 4 institutions with a wide range of leadership in clay science :
the University of Poitiers (UP) in France (co-ordinator),
the University of Aveiro (UA) in Portugal,
the Technical University of Crete (TUC) (Chania) in Greece,
the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) (Porto Alegre) in Brazil.
Why clay minerals?
Interest in clays results from their common availability, and their unique physical and chemical properties. No other minerals currently attract so great an interest.
In addition to their conventional ancient use as bricks, tiles, ceramics and for paper coating and waste management more recently, clays have found many novel applications. Clay minerals have provided a boost in technology because they are inexpensive nanomaterials, and as such, they have a huge potential for the synthesis of polymer nanocomposites with superior mechanical and thermal properties. The optimisation of adsorption, colloidal and rheological properties also opens prospects of using clay minerals for medical uses, pollution control, and environmental protection. Clay minerals play a role in economic geology (both as an important mineral resource and in energy resource exploration) and soil management. Clays also have many negative effects in geotechnical engineering, manifested in the form of landslides, mudflows, and the deterioration of clay-based construction materials....