Masters Program in International Finance in United Kingdom

Find Masters Programs in International Finance in United Kingdom 2017

International Finance

In order to successfully obtain a Masters qualification, you will need to obtain a number of credits by passing individual modules. Most taught Masters will have a number of core modules which you must take and pass in order to obtain the qualification. The assessment of research Masters is almost always entirely by a single dissertation module or project.

A course of study in international finance focuses on educating financial professionals to work at a global level of monetary institution analysis and management. Programs in international finance may take into account the scheduling needs of working students.

UK, United Kingdom is more than 300 years old and comprises four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The UK has been a centre of learning for the past 1,000 years and possesses many ancient and distinguished universities. Foreign students make up a significant proportion of the student body at UK universities.

Top Master Programs in International Finance in United Kingdom 2017

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Master of Finance

Hult International Business School
Campus Full time 1 year August 2017 United Kingdom London

Hult’s one-year Master of Finance equips you with the foundation necessary to tackle the complex world of corporate financial management. Learn both the language of business and the tactical financial skills needed to make an impact in corporate finance and accounting. [+]

Best Masters in International Finance in United Kingdom 2017. Pursue a career in corporate finance and make an impact within a multinational company. Hult’s one-year Master of Finance equips you with the foundation necessary to tackle the complex world of corporate financial management. Learn both the language of business and the tactical financial skills needed to make an impact in corporate finance and accounting. Locations Start your program in Boston and have the option to rotate to up to two other Hult campuses for your electives as part of our Global Campus Rotation. Your Master of Finance at a glance Who is this program for? Candidates who have recently graduated from university or college, as well as individuals with up to three years of work experience who want to launch a career within the finance function of multinational companies. What you’ll learn Smart financial management decisions maximize shareholder and company value and limit risk. The role of the CFO and the company’s finance team is to optimize financial performance. They do this by looking for ways to fund investments, free up capital, and decrease costs. By understanding the nuts and bolts of the business and what drives the numbers, they also advise on which activities drive profitable growth. The Master of Finance degree is designed to give students this breadth of insight. Why Hult? At Hult’s Boston campus, you’ll be living among some of the brightest minds in the fields of accounting, investment management, and consulting with companies like PwC, Ernst & Young, KPMG, Deloitte, Fidelity, State Street Bank, Boston Consulting Group, and Bain Capital all calling Boston home. Hult also brings business practitioners into the classroom. For example, Hult accounting professor Tom Porter has over 30 years of professional accounting experience, while Hult professor Jon Bentley served as a Partner at PwC. Curriculum Immersion Your Master of Finance program begins with a three-week Immersion. Immersion is the first course in all our Master degree programs and lays the foundations for a successful year. It is a combination of learning academic fundamentals, teamwork, and forging a sense of community among classmates.You will also have the opportunity to orientate yourself to life at Hult and your new home city. The Immersion course prepares you to develop into well-rounded business professionals over the duration of your program and provides the knowledge and skills required to apply a competency-based approach to leadership development. You'll end the course with a capstone simulation which introduces you to complex, integrated high-level business problems in a true-to-life team format. You'll develop and execute a corporate growth strategy, managing all functional areas of a business. Core courses For your first three modules, your core courses will focus on the fundamentals of finance—taught from a global perspective. You will then tailor your final two modules to your individual interests and career goals with electives that your can choose to take at any of our six global campuses. Financial Accounting Financial Management Managerial Accounting Modeling & Analytics I.S. For Accounting & Control Corporate Finance Tax Factors in Business Decisions Internal Consulting & Control Regulatory Environment Forensic Accounting & Financial Investigations International Financial Reporting Electives As part of your Master of Finance, you will have the opportunity to take four electives of your choice once you have successfully completed all of the core courses. You can opt to build upon the knowledge you have already acquired during your core courses, or you can choose to pursue greater understanding in an area of personal interest. Practical application: Simulations & The Hult Business Challenge Applying business theory in realistic scenarios is central to all aspects of the Hult curriculum. Classes are enriched with practical application at every opportunity and skills are put to the test with both virtual and real-world projects. Career development Navigating an international job search requires an individual approach. At Hult, we are experts in international student placement and work one-on-one with you to craft a tailored career strategy. Career Fast Track The earlier you start your job search, the greater your chance of success. Our Career Fast Track program enables you to have everything in place so you can start applying for jobs as soon as you arrive on campus. Before your start your program at Hult, you'll have access to software that gives you a line-by-line resume review, webinars on resume writing, global market employment trends, and creating a targeted job-search strategy. So when you arrive on campus you can concentrate on your studies, networking opportunities, and begin your job search straight away. Line-by-line resume reviews Webinars on global employment trends, personalizing your job search, and how to get your resume to a globally competitive standard Interactive sessions with expert Careers Advisors Personalized support We work one-on-one with you to craft a tailored career strategy and give you the tools to execute it. Coaching Throughout your program, you'll attend workshops and coaching sessions to equip you with essential knowledge and skills in areas like LinkedIn optimisation, personal branding, negotiations, interview preparation, and job search strategy. Advice You'll be assigned a personal Careers Advisor who will work with you one-on-one to help you position yourself to enter your target location and industry. They can advise you on everything from visas to job applications and long-term career paths. You also have the opportunity to have an alumni mentor. Events There is a packed schedule of career events that bring companies on to campus to present, network, and recruit, as well as alumni mixers, expert guest speakers, and career open house events. Post-graduation Your career development doesn't stop when you graduate and neither does Hult's support. Constantly stay connected Your alumni network is one of your biggest assets, Hult Connect is an online portal that allows you to link with the 16,000 Hult alumni working in every major industry in every corner of the world. You'll also have access to our global job board so you can continue take advantage of our relationship with the world's top employers seeking talent. Hult's Alumni Mentorship Program provides you with an opportunity to be a part of coaching the next generation of leaders coming out of Hult. Hult Connect, the online portal for our 16,000+ alumni network Alumni Mentorship Program Global job board and networking events Lifelong education Change never stops, so your business learning shouldn’t either. We empower you to stay up-to-date with emerging trends by taking a complimentary elective each year for the rest of your life. One elective a year, on us. Most careers span decades and critical skills can change as you progress in seniority. The rapid pace of change also means future critical business knowledge might have simply been impossible to learn during your program. Before 2004 there was no Facebook or YouTube; neither the iPhone nor Airbnb existed prior to 2007; and yet understanding the impact of these innovations is critical for business success today. At Hult, you can refresh a skillset or get up to speed in a new business trend by enrolling in one elective a year at any of our global campuses. There’s a small registration fee, but the course is otherwise free of charge. Executive education options for life. Instead of studying an elective, every year Hult alumni can enroll in a range of leadership Summer Executive Education Programs at our historic Ashridge Estate campus in Berkhamsted, U.K. Courses feature a range of leadership and development programs, and are taught by experts with practical, theoretical, and commercial experience. There’s a small registration fee, but courses otherwise cost over $10,000 so the savings over time for Hult alumni are significant. Admissions & fees Hult takes a holistic approach to reviewing your application. In addition to academic achievement, we look for cultural awareness, leadership potential, and a drive to succeed. [-]

Specialised Programme in Quantitative Finance

emlyon business school
Campus Full time

The objective of the Specialised Programme in Quantitative Finance is to train top level specialists able to advance in today’s global financial sector characterised by constant change and continuous innovation. [+]

Specialised Programme in Quantitative Finance Gain scientific, technical and financial skills The objective of the Specialised Programme in Quantitative Finance is to train top level specialists able to advance in today’s global financial sector characterised by constant change and continuous innovation. This 12-month programme has been developed to help graduates from engineering schools and universities, possessing a strong background in mathematics, computer science, physics and similar areas of expertise, launch their career in quantitative finance. After completing this specialised programme, graduates take up various positions like Risk Manager, Financial Engineer or ‘Quant’, Asset Manager, Fund Manager and others. The academic courses include both the fundamentals of management as well as specialised courses like quantitative methods, economic and financial environments, life insurance and pension funds management. This academic part takes place in Paris and is complemented by a 6 month internship. If you are looking to enter the international world of finance, and want to become part of a network of over 26,000 professionals around the globe, then the Specialised Programme in Quantitative Finance is the right programme for you! emlyon business school is one of the first Business Schools to provide the Quantitative Finance Specialised Programme students with official training to obtain the French Financial Securities Authority (AMF) certification. This certification is mandatory for all professionals of the French financial markets, products and advisory activities. Fast Facts Campus Day: Meet us in Paris on January 21st! Study in Paris, one of the top european financial centers Gain scientific, technical and financial skills A degree accredited by the 'Conférence des Grandes Ecoles' Access the Alumni Network Entirely taught in English Yearly intake: September Tuition fees 2016/2017: 22,000€ per year Meet us around the world More information on our Website. [-]

Master in International Finance and Law (Dual Degree with the University of Pennsylvania Law School)

Sciences Po
Campus Full time 2 years

The Dual Master's degree program in International Finance and Law is a two-year full time Master's Program. Spanning a wide range of disciplines, this program offers core courses in management, finance and law. [+]

Best Masters in International Finance in United Kingdom 2017. Master in International Finance and Law (Dual Degree with the University of Pennsylvania Law School) Dual degree program - Penn Law Sciences Po and Penn Law: Two world class institutions Sciences Po at a Glance Sciences Po functions as a top-level research university in the social sciences, offering a wide and varied curriculum and drawing on academics and experts in such fields as political science, international relations, sociology, law, and economics. Scholars as well as professionals from the business world and public administration comprise Sciences Po's distinguished faculty. Located in the heart of Paris, Sciences Po is a symbol of excellence and attracts outstanding students from all over the world. With more than 470 partner universities worldwide and 47% of international students, Sciences Po has become a truly international institution. Innovation and creativity in research and education have always been a driving force at Sciences Po. Through its multidisciplinary programs, Sciences Po delivers a solid methodological training and provides students with the tools to deal with complexity. Besides, Sciences Po's education constantly encourages bold intellectual attitudes and mutual respect and consideration. Penn Law at a Glance Penn Law is a world leader in legal education, uniquely equipping students with the knowledge and skills they need to excel in today's legal marketplace, wherever their career aspirations and intellectual interests take them. Our Strengths: The Wharton Business and Law Certificate, a custom designed program taught by Wharton faculty and industry experts selected for their teaching skills, subject expertise and ability to offer applied concepts and examples to participants. World-class faculty who are celebrated scholars and devoted teachers. A culture of collegiality, where students feel welcome and supported, allowing students to safely take risks that deepen and broaden their study. The Law School: The Law School's campus is state-of-the-art, with four fully interconnected buildings surrounding a green courtyard. Students are steps away from the amenities of the University of Pennsylvania, with its activities for graduate and professional students, its state-of-the-art gym and health club, and its many libraries, museums, theaters, lectures, and events. Program overview A high standard multicultural program in Finance and Law The Dual Master's degree program in International Finance and Law is a two-year full time Master's Program. Spanning a wide range of disciplines, this program offers core courses in management, finance and law. The curriculum blends financial and legal expertise and professional skills courses. It is designed to offer advanced education in the area of financial law and to give students the opportunity to develop a top-level career in the private, public or non-profit sectors. All students will spend their first year at Sciences Po, and their second year at Penn Law. After two years of study, and provided credits have been completed in both institutions, students will receive Master's degrees from both Sciences Po (Master's in Finance and Strategy or Master's in Economics and Business) and Penn Law (LLM). The faculty involved in this program is comprised of internationally renowned academics and practitioners. By joining both the Penn Law and Sciences Po communities, dual degree students will be able to benefit from the exceptionally stimulating intellectual environment of both institutions during the duration of the program, and as alumni to extend their networks and opportunities to both sides of the Atlantic. Students participating in the program will have access at both Sciences Po and at the University of Pennsylvania to all facilities normally offered to students, such as libraries, computer network, career services, sports facilities, and student associations and cultural life. Year 1 at Sciences Po Students who are jointly admitted will spend their first year of study at Sciences Po either in the Master Finance et Stratégie (French taught) or in the Master Economics and Business (English taught): Master Finance et Stratégie, mention International Business (French taught program) Master Economics and Business (English taught program) A specific concentration can appear on the Master's degree at Sciences Po according to the courses completed at Penn Law. The Master in Finance and Strategy and the Master in Economics and Business gather a very diverse student body, in terms of academic as well as cultural backgrounds, with more than 40% international students. Year 2 at Penn Law Students spend their second year at Penn Law earning an LLM alongside 115 other foreign-trained attorneys, typically from over 30 countries. The LLM is a one-year, full-time course of study in advanced legal topics. Students select courses from an extensive curriculum of specialized courses and seminars at Penn Law. Penn Law grants a generalized LLM that allows each student to design his or her own curriculum and, in doing so, may choose to focus on a particular topic. LLM students take courses alongside our upper level JD students and are with us for ten months including the five-week summer program. Penn Law LLM students are also eligible to enroll in the Wharton Business and Law Certificate (WBLC), a custom designed program for Penn Law LLM students taught by Wharton faculty and industry experts selected for their teaching skills, subject expertise and ability to offer applied concepts and examples to participants. All LLM students may participate in this program which runs concurrently with the LLM program. In addition to our outstanding course offerings, our LLM students have the opportunity to gain real world US legal experience. As an integral part of the program, the LLM Public Service Program provides students with important opportunities to develop their professional skills while learning more about the communities that exist beyond the walls of Penn Law as well as supporting students seeking to satisfy the New York Bar pro bono requirement. LLM students are also eligible to participate in four clinical programs focusing on Entrepreneurship, Intellectual Property and Technology, International Human Rights and Immigration, and Mediation. At Penn Law, LLMs also have the opportunity to get involved with JDs in student groups ranging from Law School Light Opera Company to Penn Soccer Club, and including participation in Journal of International Law, Journal of Asian Law, and Journal of Constitutional Law. Penn Law has staff dedicated to supporting LLMs, including a Career Counselor who provides LLM specific programming and materials as well as ample availability to meet individually with LLM students. How to Apply Applications will be done online via the Sciences Po Admissions website. Please visit our admission website to learn more about the admission online process. Candidates, no matter their academic background (studies abroad or in France), seeking admission to a dual degree do neither need to sit a written exam nor take an interview. Admission is granted only by virtue of the information given in the application form. To be eligible to take the New York Bar Exam, in general, candidates must have obtained a law degree requiring at least three years of study prior to admission to the program. See the page about the foreign legal education. Most Penn Law LLMs have obtained a law degree prior to matriculation in the Program. However, applicants without a prior law degree have been admitted to the Program where they can show sufficient knowledge and/or experience in a related field as well as demonstrate how the LLM Program will advance their career and/or scholarly work. Tuition and fees Students must pay the tuition fees applicable in their host institution (Sciences Po for Year 1 and Penn Law for Year 2). Financial aid Dual degree students are eligible to the same financial aid as other students in the institution where they are enrolled (at Sciences Po for Year 1 and at Penn Law for Year 2). However, financial aid at Sciences Po and Penn Law is limited and will not cover the total cost of the dual degree program. Students are therefore strongly encouraged to also look for external grants and fellowships. Year 1: Financial aid at Sciences Po Sciences Po offers a wide range of merit-based and need-based scholarships to French, EU and international students. Year 2: Financial aid at Penn Law Penn Law has a limited amount of funding available for dual degree students. Students should consider every option available in order to fully budget for their studies at Penn Law, including taking out private loans as well as government-sponsored ones. Important information about student loans In order to apply for student loans, students have a variety of options: French citizens are eligible for French-based loans; US citizens may take out American federal loans from either Penn Law or Sciences Po but not both. Under no circumstances may the student take out loans on behalf of both institutions. This is a dual degree with the University of Pennsylvania Law School. [-]

MFin International Finance

University of Dundee
Campus Full time 12 months September 2017 United Kingdom Dundee

This is a generalist finance degree that is suitable for postgraduate students who want to pursue a career that lies broadly within the financial sector. The programme is fully focused on a wide range of applied and theoretical topics that prepare graduates for important employment opportunities in finance. [+]

This is a generalist finance degree that is suitable for postgraduate students who want to pursue a career that lies broadly within the financial sector. The programme is fully focused on a wide range of applied and theoretical topics that prepare graduates for important employment opportunities in finance. Why Dundee The MFin International Finance programme benefits from our considerable strength in finance where staff from applied and theoretical finance disciplines have been brought together in the same School. The MFin International Finance programme is a ‘skills’ based finance degree that contains 8 finance modules and a short focused finance based business report. The structure of the report has been developed following feedback from employers who indicate that they prefer graduates who are able to write concisely, accurately and clearly in a focused report rather than write in the style of a lengthy and less focused dissertation. The programme begins with a two week foundation programme where students become familiar with a range of concepts in business statistics, economics and finance. The programme helps students to understand how the University operates and how to make the most of the range of student services that are freely available. The foundation programme importantly introduces you to your fellow students who will become a major part of your learning experience at Dundee and will continue to be part of your network of friends and business connections after you graduate. Off-Campus Learning Events: The programme includes off campus learning events embedded in the modules of some of the modules. These events aim to extend your leaning skills in ways that are directly relevant to the pathway and your personal development. These off campus events are one or two days in length and the cost of the transport, event and any necessary accommodation is covered by the MSc programme. At present there are off campus events embedded in the finance and banking pathways. More off campus events are being arranged and further events are being developed to begin this year. Urban Experience Event: The MSc programme places considerable importance on ‘team building’ and understanding the role that international and domestic cultural variation plays in the workings of firms, and product and employment markets. These issues are addressed through a unique ‘Urban Experience’ event that helps team building and the development of learning skills. Business themes are also explored in the event. Distinguished Visitor Series: A feature of the programme is the Distinguished Visitor and Enterprise Gym Lecture Series. Distinguished practitioners in the field are invited to the University to hold seminars highlighting critical aspects of business, finance, banking, management, marketing and human resource management. It offers students a unique opportunity to meet with business leaders and explore current issues with them. Internships in China Enhance your employability with graduate internship opportunities. Finance focussed business report The structure of the report has been developed following feedback from employers who indicate that they prefer graduates who are able to write concisely, accurately and clearly in a focused report rather than write in the style of a lengthy and less focused dissertation. The programme is focused clearly on the applied and theoretical aspects of finance so as to develop you for a career in the finance sector. The inclusion of a shorter finance report allows the programme to expand the opportunity for you to undertake more skills based modules that will improve your career prospects. In the modern world finance takes an ever increasing role in business, development and the economy. The MFin International Finance programme provides you with the skills and training to play an important role in the finance sector and to develop a career in finance. To achieve this the programme provides you with the right mix of applied and theoretical skills to both understand the issues facing firms and how to deal with these issues. This course is developed for students who have completed their undergraduate study and are now looking to develop their finance related skills so as to pursue a successful career in the finance sector. We provide a fresh approach to International Finance that is suitable if you have studied economics, business management or accountancy before or if you are new to the subject. Around half of the students on the programme have a business background while the rest of the students come from a very wide range of non-business backgrounds. The programme has been designed with these students with non-business backgrounds in mind while still challenging students whose first degree has been a business related subject. What You'll Study How you will be taught Teaching focuses on the applied and real world aspects of finance. The programme is delivered mostly within a framework of lectures, workshops and tutorials although other methods of teaching are offered on modules when they aid in understanding and learning. How you will be assessed Module content is assessed through a combination of coursework, quizzes, and end of module exams. The weighting on the coursework component varies depending on the content of the module but may account for as much as 40-50% of the overall degree. The compulsory modules on the programme are: Foundation Economics and Statistics for Business # The module is taught intensively in the first two weeks of the Programme. Students joining the programme have a wide range of academic and professional backgrounds and the module aims to provide each student with the basic knowledge and skills required for the main components of the programme. The module includes a selection of key concepts and tools in microeconomics, macroeconomics, finance and statistics: demand and supply; elasticities; costs, revenue and market structures; GDP, monetary and fiscal policy; basic mathematics for business; description of data – graphical, tabular and descriptive statistics; data collection and sampling; index numbers; distributions, correlation and hypothesis testing. Global Financial Markets This module will increase your knowledge and develop understanding of the behaviour of financial agents and the workings of global financial markets within the framework of modern finance theory. Topics that you will cover are the time value of money and discounted cash flow analysis, theories of the yield curve and bond valuation, risk-return trade-off and mean-variance portfolio theory, Capital Asset Pricing Model and the Efficient Market Hypothesis, alternative approaches to stock valuation and financial ratio analysis, influence of corporate dividend policy and capital structure on stock pricing, functions of futures exchanges and the valuation of financial and commodity futures, and the properties and valuation of option contracts. International Business Finance You will examine the fundamental concepts and some important empirical aspects of international trade, finance and investment. It introduces the tools and techniques for asset pricing and capital budgeting, provides an overview of financial risk assessment, develops an understanding of the balance of payments and analyses the operation of the foreign exchange market and the determination of exchange rates. Topics you will cover include compounding, discounting and discounted cash flow analysis, the valuation of stocks and bonds in financial markets, a variety of tools and techniques for capital investment decisions, the measurement of risk and the role of risk in asset pricing and financial decision-making, the balance of payments and the influence of macroeconomic factors on trade, the operation of currency markets and theories of exchange rate determination, the application of economic principles and reasoning to a variety of applied and topical aspects of international finance and investment. Derivatives and Risk Management The module will broaden your knowledge and understanding of the quantitative theory of financial risk, and how that risk can be managed by financial derivatives, develop critical reasoning skills in the context of financial derivatives and financial risk management, equip you with the practical skills to apply most appropriate financial derivatives to managing and hedging the financial markets volatility. When you finish the module you will be able to explain (i) the sources of financial markets risk, (ii) the key characteristics of various derivative products; (iii) the use of these products as risk management tools and understand the implications of hedging via risk-neutral replication and construct hedge portfolios, and understand pricing and hedging principles of a range of derivatives. You will also be able to use derivatives to design hedging and risk management strategies for consumers and market participants as well as evaluate the alternative risk management techniques and their associated issues available for investment and hedging. Global Risk Analysis This module provides you with the necessary analytical skills to understand the global environment within which businesses and managers operate and enable you to evaluate and manage the risks involved in international business in order to make sound financing and investment decisions. You will develop a knowledge and understanding of foreign exchange and eurocurrency markets, models of foreign exchange rate determination and financial products that manage currency risk, models of interest rate determination and financial products that manage interest rate risk, the practical uses of international capital markets for managing risk, the international economic and political environment in which multinational companies operate, the risks of foreign direct and foreign portfolio investment, practical perspectives of risk, and techniques for assessing the risk of capital and financial investments. Current Issues in Banking and Finance This module provides you with an extensive, detailed and critical knowledge and understanding of contemporary issues in the banking industry and in financial markets. You will also achieve an understanding of the role of banks as financial intermediaries, the role of banks in the international money, credit and bond markets, the impact of international factors on banks, the regulatory environment in which banks operate, the risks faced by banks and how to mitigate these risks, and the latest trends in innovation and technology in banking. Emerging Financial Markets and Investment You will be introduced to the main financial issues confronting developing countries. In particular you will examine current issues in emerging market finance as well as the suitability of mainstream finance theory for emerging financial markets. You will acquire the knowledge and understanding of how emerging stock markets have evolved, international portfolio diversification, the efficiency of emerging capital markets, predicting financial crises, stock market interdependence and stock market listing behavior. Applied Business Statistics The module introduces you to a variety of statistical methods useful for decision making and to provide students with the quantitative skills required to use data and information to inform decisions in business and finance. The module provides an introduction to probability theory, estimation and statistical inference and regression analysis. On completion of the module you will be able to apply standard methods of statistical analysis, interpret the results of stochastic models and discuss these models’ more general applications. Optional Modules: Choose one of either: Forecasting for Business and Finance This module is taught intensively in the second five weeks of the semester after Applied Business Statistics. You are provided with the quantitative skills required to forecast future values of business and financial data. This module enables You to access and use a variety of forecasting procedures and provide them with the skills necessary to assess their reliability. You will compare forecasting methods and discuss their uses and limitations. Econometrics for Finance* The module provides you with an intuitive grasp of the theoretical concepts and basic skills required to estimate and interpret economic models. In particular, the module equips you with the knowledge and skills required to apply statistical techniques to problems in finance by (i) translating theoretical models into an empirically implementable form; (ii) analysing statistical data; and (iii) interpreting econometric results. The module also provides you with an overview of the empirical methods used by financial academics and professionals in the analysis of financial asset prices. * Requires prior knowledge of econometrics. - not included for the purpose of degree classification. Students will also complete in the summer term: International Finance Project This module enables students to acquire the skills to produce an international finance report. The report is short with the aim to make you write concisely and provide clear and focused analysis of a topic or issue in a way that will influence and guide managers and decision makers. Employability The MFin International Finance programme prepares you for a successful career in the financial sector. You will develop the skills and understanding to work in a range of operations in a variety of businesses such as banks, insurance companies, financial service companies, trading brokers. Working in the finance arms of industries and commercial firms outside of the finance sector is also possible. [-]