Master Degree in Engineering & Technology in France

Search Masters Programs in Engineering & Technology in France 2017

Engineering & Technology

In order to successfully obtain a Masters qualification, you will need to obtain a number of credits by passing individual modules. Most taught Masters will have a number of core modules which you must take and pass in order to obtain the qualification. The assessment of research Masters is almost always entirely by a single dissertation module or project.

Studies in engineering and technology prepare you for the technologically oriented workforce of today.

Members of the workforce with engineering and technology training are sought out by many industries including medical research and computer software development.


France is currently among the 20 best performing countries in terms of the economy due to their excellent results-oriented higher education learning. Most of the courses at universities are offered in the French language. France has 60 public and 100 private universities.

Top Master Programs in Engineering & Technology in France 2017

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Graduate Diploma in Information Technology

Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 France Paris

Epitech offers a 2-year Graduate-level curriculum in English, open to international students. The Epitech educational model is designed to help students learn how to apply their knowledge in practical situations instead of just learning theory. [+]

Best Masters in Engineering & Technology in France 2017. Graduate Diploma in Information Technology: The Innovation Track Please note that students need a Bachelor level to apply to the Graduate program. Epitech offers a 2-year Graduate-level curriculum in English, open to international students, called Innovation Track. The aim of the program is to help our students reach a new level of expertise and build their own unique profile by staying in an innovative mindset and turn them into innovative experts able to create the digital world of tomorrow. The program lasts 2 years. Each student's first year is organized according to their profile, around "compulsory Core courses" and "chosen electives". Students will acquire both technical and methodological knowledge. During their second year, students will either specialize or diversify their knowledge according to their professional project. Epitech Innovative Projects (EIP) come to an end and students are ready to enter the job market. This year is the end of a cycle and serves as a stepping stone for the student's early career. The cycle allows for a large choice of electives per semester. These help provide students with new technical abilities and let them become professionals in various areas of expertise. Each student's curriculum is different and custom-built to promote diversity and let students be specialists in their field. A 6-months long internship, in a company or an incubator, takes place at the end of the curriculum. It serves as a unique springboard for students' career and allows to put their knowledge to work in real-life situations. 1st Semester 2nd Semester 3rd Semester 4th Semester SOFT SKILLS (20% - 4 weeks - 12 ECTS) SOFT SKILLS (20% - 4 weeks - 18 ECTS) SOFT SKILLS (50% - 10 weeks - 30 ECTS) INTERNSHIP (6 months - 30 ECTS) EIP (30% - 6 weeks - 9 ECTS) EIP (50% - 12 weeks - 12 ECTS) EIP (30% - 6 weeks - 9 ECTS) HARD SKILLS (50% - 10 weeks - [30 ; 50] ECTS) HARD SKILLS (30% - 6 weeks - [18 ; 30] ECTS HARD SKILLS (20% - 4 weeks - [12 ; 20] ECTS) CURRICULUM Core courses Network Web Service Design Database Algorithms and data structures Code quality System Administration Electives Hard skills : technical modules Bid Data Devops Data analysis Distributed systems design Advanced database architecture Artificial intelligence Cloud Devops Distributed systems design Microservices PaaS Web application Virtuality Artifical Intelligence Mobile Gaming Virtual Reality/Interactive Experiences User Experience/Design Digital Security Introduction to Digital Security Kernel Programming Systems Security Cryptography and Network Organisationnal Security Embedded Kernel Programming Mobile IOT Soft skills : Cross-functional modules Marketing/Strategy Strategic development Digital marketing Growth hacking Personal Development Shape yourself Professional efficiency Leadership Project management Planning ahead Agile Methodologies Scrum/Kanban Law/Finance/Accounting/.. General digital law & finance Financial planning/Business plan Fund raising/Incubation Product management Ideation/Innovation Design Thinking Lean startup This list is tentative and classes are subject to availability. [-]

Master's Degree in Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Energy

Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Campus Full time 3 semesters

The aim of the course is proposed to prepare professionals in the field of energy, environment and sustainable production with rigorous scientific and technical, capable formation provide a flexible and multidisciplinary response to the challenges of building a sustainable society through the conception, design, evaluation, implementation and management of processes that respect the environment, consumption of natural resources and health. [+]

The aim of the course is proposed to prepare professionals in the field of energy, environment and sustainable production with rigorous scientific and technical, capable formation provide a flexible and multidisciplinary response to the challenges of building a sustainable society through the conception, design, evaluation, implementation and management of processes that respect the environment, consumption of natural resources and health. Career opportunities The Master's Degree provides students the training to be qualified for jobs as: Responsible of Energy, Enviroment and Quality Departments of Business Environment Responsible of Energy Production Plants (cogenerations, combined cycles, wind farms, photovoltaic farms, industrial organization responsible) Responsible of Waste Treatment Plants Responsible of Wastewater Treatment Plants Technician in Engineering, Consulting and Certification Companies R&D&I Laboratories and Institutes Secondary and High Education Teaching Creation of their own enterprises Realization of projects on request Language of instruction English 1st Semester Environmental and Energy Economics Environmental and Energy Legislation Sustainability Tools Renewable Energy Technologies Thermal and Hydraulic Machines Air Pollution Eco‐efficient Process Design(I) Electives 2nd Semester Environmental and Energy Management Energy Efficiency in Industry and Transport Energy Efficiency in Buildings Advanced Water Treatment Waste Management and Valorisation Eco‐efficient Process Design(II) Electives 3rd Semester Final Master Project External Internship Elective 1st Semester Numerical Simulation on Environmental and Energy Engineering Analytical Tools applied to Environmental Engineering Management and Administration of Companies Industrial Leadership Elective 2nd Semester Emerging Energy Technologies Pollutant Dispersion Models Modeling of Wastewater Treatment Plants Integration of Renewable Energies Change Management Specific requirements for admission to the master's programme For students to be admitted to the programme, in addition to the general requirements for a master's programme, they must submit a: Motivation letter/statement of intent Proof of competence in English (B1) Letters of reference (optional) Criteria of selection La selecció dels alumnes es durà a terme d'acord amb els criteris següents: Bachelor Degree (up to a maximum of 30 points, on the basis of the following order) a.Bachelor's Degree Engineering or Architecture: up to a maximum of 30 points, b. Bachelor's Degree in Science: up to a maximum of 25 points 25 c. Other: 0 points. Evaluation of the transcript of the official university degree that gives access to the master's programme: up to a maximum of 40 points. Competence in English (level B1 according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages). If the candidate does not owns a certificate, it will be asked to do an interview evaluating oral comprehension, writing and reading: up to a maximum of 10 points Formación complementaria (cursos, seminarios o otras actividades de formación, acreditadas documentalmente) relacionada con el contenido del máster, experiencia profesional: up to a maximum of 10 points. Other training (courses, seminars and other training, certified documents), motivation, recommendation letters, personal interview , entrevista personal: up to a maximum of 10 points. However, if there is no shortage of places available, the admissions committee will admit students without ranking them in order of merit. [-]

Maste of Computer Science (MSc) - Information Systems Management

EPITA Graduate School of Computer Science
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 France Paris

This programs aims at providing knowledge of the fundamentals of IT strategic planning, IT implementation and organizational management. Graduates will become highly skilled professionals with a multifaceted understanding of how technology can improve an organization’s performance and enable its members to share and access information, plan and collaborate, while having the analytical edge to strategically plan for future growth [+]

Best Masters in Engineering & Technology in France 2017. Program objectives This programs aims at providing knowledge of the fundamentals of IT strategic planning, IT implementation and organizational management. Graduates will become highly skilled professionals with a multifaceted understanding of how technology can improve an organization’s performance and enable its members to share and access information, plan and collaborate, while having the analytical edge to strategically plan for future growth. Testimony Arina Zueva - Italy - Information Systems Management - Class of 2018 My specialization, Information Systems Management, will allow me to create a technical background that will boost my actual profile and will allow me to address the business subjects from a more practical point of view. Students and teachers in this Master program come from various backgrounds and working experiences. This reality is enhancing a parallel process of learning: experiences and business cases coming from real life are often mentioned and the practice of frequent team work is the perfect occasion where we can learn the best from our team members in terms of working skills and cultural differences. Admissions requirements Our Master of Engineering graduate program is open to candidates holding a 4-year bachelor’s degree (or equivalent) in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering or related fields. Students with a strong background in Engineering and a degree in business are also encouraged to apply for the Information Systems Management program. Candidates must also have strong analytical and problem solving capabilities. Candidates should have the following documents translated into English or French in digital format to apply. Curriculum Vitae Official university transcripts Certified copy of your Bachelor degree certificate Certified copy of your High School certificate 2 letters of recommendation Copy of passport TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS or Cambridge ESOLBULATS record results The admission process is fully automated and the application should be submitted online on our “Apply Online” page. The application will undergo three phases: Validation of your candidature Conduction of a remote interview Admission announcement The status of your application will be communicated to you by email during each phase of the procedure. [-]

Master on Ship Operation & Naval Engineering - AMASONE

Centrale Nantes
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 France Nantes

Two of the top French Technical Universities have teamed up to offer you a unique opportunity to learn naval engineering and become an engineer experienced in ship operation. [+]

Master on Ship Operation & Naval Engineering Two of the top French Technical Universities have teamed up to offer you a unique opportunity to learn naval engineering and become an engineer experienced in ship operation. At Ecole Centrale Nantes we provide high-level naval engineer training programme. You will have access to experimental facilities such as towing tank, wave tank, internal combustion engine test benches. In collaboration École Navale in Lanvéoc-Poulmic close to Brest is the French Naval Academy where French Navy officers are trained. In Ecole Navale we deliver a serious scientific training, navigation knowledge and maritime environment. The outstanding strength of this master program is that you will have on-board training sessions on French Navy vessels. You will get an insight of on-board practice to serve complex equipment and to fit in with the quick evolution of knowledge and techniques which is highly valuable for a naval engineer and of course highly regarded by industrial employers. 100% English Master! Besides this technical and scientific know-how, you will learn about the French culture and language as well. Skills Scientific core: Being able to model and understand the concepts of hydrodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat machine to interact and take part in development projects of naval systems. Experiment: ability to implement and validate an experimental approach about maritime and naval engineering problems. Operational implementation: ability to integrate the constraints of operational implementation approaches in design and validation of naval systems. Application knowledge: ability to interact at the interface between naval systems designers and users by knowledge of the maritime environment, operations and navigation. Leadership: ability to lead through the understanding of human behavior and decision-making processes. International: ability to adapt to a foreign environment and to ensure the optimization of technology transfer. Career opportunities - our industrial partners Being hotbeds of innovation and leadership, Ecole Navale and Ecole Centrale Nantes provide strong links with France’s industrial companies and enjoy a reputation of excellence in Europe and all around the world. Our industrial partners are leading international companies involved in shipbuilding, ship design, marine engine industry or ship operation such as DCNS, Bureau Véritas, Hydrocean, CGG, Man Diesel, STX and Pôle Mer Bretagne Bretagne Atlantique. You may find opportunities to do your Master Thesis in one of these companies Career opportunities: Industrial Program: in charge of the design of a subset of ships or offshore structures. Research and Program Development: in charge of experimental design of innovative systems for the behavior, performance and implementation of ships or offshore structures. System Integration: team coordination to test and validate implementation of embedded systems. Studying in France As well as studying in one of the top French Technical Universities you will enjoy the French quality of life. Both Nantes and Brest are active harbor towns turned towards the seas and like all harbor towns, they have a long tradition of openness. Their dynamism stems from the constant ebb, flow and renewal of the tides that carry talent and ideas from abroad, and in return export its own vision and way of life. Brest welcomes you at land’s end. In Brest you will experience living in a city that is resolutely oriented towards the ocean. Its magnificent natural harbor is one of the most beautiful in Europe, and will introduce you to the delights of water sports, fishing or discovering the amazing nature all around. The French Naval Academy is located at Lanveoc Poulmic in the Peninsula of Crozon, quite nearby Brest. The metropole of Nantes is one of the major cultural, artistic and creative poles in France. It lies at the crossroads of three French provinces and is the junction between northern and southern France. Nantes is definitely the right place for a swirling confluence of ideas, cultures and passions. From Nantes you have access to a dozen different worlds and their rich history (Chateau des Ducs de Bretagne), architecture, gastronomy and more. Nantes is also two hours from Paris by high-speed train. Degree Requirements Applicants must hold at least a Bachelor of Science in fields such as mechanics, electrical, ocean or naval engineering. Engineers or other candidates with specific CVs searching for advanced education in naval engineering and ship operation are also invited to apply. English language requirements All courses are in English thus an English Proficiency is required(TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS, Cambridge …, or any other certified proof). Scholarships There are no scholarships available for this master. However you can apply through your government or the French government or any company interested in giving you a financial support. Requested documents Please find below the main documents to be provided for AMASONE application: Application form Financial agreement (for the payment of the tuition fees) The Information form to enable the access to the French Naval Base in Brest Recent Nationality certificate issued by your local municipal authority, embassy, consulate, Justice Minister(less than a year). Or a copy of your passport Copies, certified or authenticated by the institution attended, of your higher education studies diploma and a transcript of record with a translation (by a sworn translator) into English or French Proof of English proficiency (TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS, Cambridge …, or any other certified proof) Please provide year by year official documents for the past five years if they are not included in your last diploma (Official declaration of enrolment for higher education or university studies, original employment certificate - specifying occupation start and end dates, declaration of military service). A translation in English or French is compulsory if the original documents are written in any other language Two Recommendation letters in English All copies must be sworn. Basic translations may be accepted, but once in France you will have to provide original documents. Think of uploading sworn copies! Fees Tuition fees are 24 000€ for 4 semesters. [-]

Master Advanced Manufacturing Processes for Aeronautical Structures (AMPAS)

Ecole Des Mines D’Albi-Carmaux | EMAC
Campus Full time 1 year September 2017 France Albi

The Advanced Master course AMPAS, is designed by Mines Albi and ISAE with the support of aeronautical industry partners. [+]

Best Masters in Engineering & Technology in France 2017. Master Advanced Manufacturing Processes for Aeronautical Structures (AMPAS) A booming industry After a short recession period, the Aeronautical industry market is facing a rapid and continuous increase worldwide as shown by the record breaking contracts recently signed by both Airbus and Boeing. These two industry leaders forecast an increase of close to 5% in activity over the next years and estimations indicate that the annual increase of large commercial airplanes will induce a doubling of the number of aircraft by 2030. Nearly sixty percent of the turnover is subcontracted all over the world and concerns mostly production and manufacturing activities. As a consequence most aeronautical subcontracting companies will have to increase their production rates but also to keep up to date with technological changes; moving from metallic processes toward composite materials processes. Moreover the aircraft manufacturers have changed their supply chain structure in the last years, and subcontractors are now required to manage more complex parts and to take over, on their own, the qualification processes. At the heart of Europes Aerospace Valley The Midi-Pyrénées is home to the global headquarters of Airbus and over 600 subcontracting businesses, employing more than 60,000 employees. The French space agency (CNES), as well as Thales and EADS Astrium are also present in the area along with their lot of subcontractors. The Ecole des Mines d’Albi and Institut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (ISAE), have both a proven track record of leading research and working alongside industrial partners in the aeronautics industry. This master program is accredited by the French “Conference des Grandes Ecoles” A formation tailored to the need of the industry The Advanced Master course AMPAS, is designed by Mines Albi and ISAE with the support of aeronautical industry partners. It will give a specialization to master level students allowing them to take over high level responsibilities in airframe structure manufacturing plants. It is especially well suited to students who have followed general studies in mechanical engineering, material science or equivalent and who would like to gain a major chance to be recruited by aeronautical industry. To reach this goal, AMPAS master students will develop: general knowledge of flight dynamics constrains and airframe design knowledge and understanding of the airframe materials and processes and their qualification constrains knowledge, understanding and practice of the prevalent processes for structural applications with either metallic or fiber reinforced thermoset composites materials ability to use state of the art simulation tools for definition and optimization of metallic sheet forming and RTM/infusion process knowledge of the aeronautical supply chain structure and their communication rules understanding of the aeronautic dedicated quality and management requirements knowledge and practice of lean manufacturing tools ability to undertake manufacturing projects in an international team environment ability to communicate with written reports and by oral presentation Lecturers Professoral staff form Ecole des Mines Albi and ISAE (Institut Supérieur de l'Aeronautique) and more generally from University of Toulouse Experts form Aeronautical Insdustry, especially from AIRBUS and supply chain Experts from certification, quality, supply chain organization and management Requirements Applicants must have a Master degree, or an equivalent degree in science or engineering, or a bachelor degree with 3 years of professional experience at least. English Language Requirements IELTS band: 6 TOEFL paper-based test score : 550 TOEFL iBT® test: 79 Contents A balance of theoretical learning and practical experience: The course consists of 75 credits mixing academic teaching and professional experience. First semester: academic term of 450h and 45 credits, provided by permanent professors of Mines Albi and ISAE and expert practitioners from aerospace industry to bring current knowledge and experience. The teaching, balancing academic lessons with more applied practice. Second semester: Professional thesis in the aeronautical industry or in an academic research lab in collaboration with aeronautical industrial partners, in France or abroad. The duration is from 5 to 6 months and corresponds to 30 credits. Students are supervised by a tutor from the host organization and from Mines Albi or ISAE. Thesis is concluded by the preparation of a final report and an oral dissertation in front of a jury. Syllabus The academic course consists of 450 hours of taught modules aiming to provide a deep knowledge of the three main material families used in airframe structures (i.e. aluminum, titanium and long fiber reinforced polymer composites) as well as their related forming routes relevant to aeronautical industries. It is also devoted to gain knowledge in aircraft architecture, on aeronautical supply chain specificities, lean manufacturing and quality management required to be able to take over technical and organizational responsibilities in industry. A team project (100 hours) will demonstrate the ability to address an aeronautical part processing problem following the theoretical and professional skills. In more details: 1. Aircraft, material and process basic scientific knowledge Aircraft General Knowledge Flight Dynamic Structure and Airframe Design Aeronautical materials and processes Aluminium and titanium alloys Epoxy and thermoplastic composites Assembly processes Material and processes qualification NDT and shape control techniques NDT for metallic and composite materials Optical techniques for assembly aid Computer Aided Design 2. Composite structure forming and machining Processes Physical phenomena description and modeling related to epoxy based manufacturing Raw material and composite quality control LCM/RTM processes Autoclave Vacuum Bagging (monolithic - sandwich) processes Composite material trimming, drilling and assembly RTM/Infusion Simulation 3. Metallic structure forming and machining processes Material behaviour and mechanical model Cold and hot sheet forming processes Surface treatments Metallic material machining Sheet forming simulation 4. Industrial Organization and Management Supply chain structure and organization Materials management and Lean manufacturing Supply chain improvement and collaborative processes Quality management and tools 5. Integrated Team Project 6. Internship and Professional Thesis (2nd semester) [-]

ECAM Engineering Program

Campus Full time 5 years August 2017 France Lyon

ECAM Lyon has been perfecting the art and methods of training engineers since 1900. Accredited by the CTI (Commission des Titres d’Ingénieur) this engineering school has always been able to provide its students with a human and scientific perspective of all major world changes whether economic, technical or industrial. This vision has allowed the students to face the challenges of a constantly changing industrial world. [+]

ECAM Lyon has been perfecting the art and methods of training engineers since 1900. Accredited by the CTI (Commission des Titres d’Ingénieur) this engineering school has always been able to provide its students with a human and scientific perspective of all major world changes whether economic, technical or industrial. This vision has allowed the students to face the challenges of a constantly changing industrial world. The 5-year ECAM International Engineering program is a combined undergraduate & graduate course that leads to the ECAM Lyon Engineering Degree, the equivalent of a Master’s Degree. Students choose from one of the following concentrations: Robotics Engineering and Industrial Design. ECAM Lyon also awards a Bachelor’s degree at the end of the third year. Prospective: The demand for engineers in France and elsewhere is greater than the number of qualified graduates. International companies are attracted to France for its highly skilled workforce. They are recruited into all sectors of industry and service providers: transportation, luxury, research laboratories, finance, capital goods industry, etc. 35% of ECAM Lyon graduates, who all have international experience, start their career abroad. Key points: Status: Master’s Degree Field: Engineering Length: 5 years Level obtained: Master Admission: into 1st year Pre-requirements: French Baccalaureate S, or any other national scientific High School degree or IB Diploma (with at least two High Levels in Math, Physics or Chemistry). Students with a French High School leaving exam in science (BAC S) from a high school in France or abroad must follow the APB online procedures (Post Baccalauréat Admissions). Students with an IB Diploma or any other secondary education leaving exam or diploma, will follow the application procedures specific to ECAM Lyon. To apply please visit: Apply Here All applicants will be assessed with an interview in person or via video conference which will be held in English. Associated Institutions: Staffordshire University; Politecnico di Torino English proficiency: all applicants must demonstrate their competency in English of a B2 level (CEFR) or higher. French proficiency: not required. French as a foreign language is taught to all non-French-speaking students. Tuition fees: 6,000 euros/per year for the first two years and 8,500 euros/per year for the following three years. [-]

Master in Global Design

Groupe ESC Troyes in Champagne
Campus Full time 2 - 2 years September 2017 France Troyes

Groupe ESC Troyes in Champagne was created in 1992, is therefore the youngest French Business School. It enjoys all national accreditations (full recognition by the National Ministry of Higher Education and Research, accredited by the “Conférence des Grandes Ecoles” of France, etc.) and has just started application for international accreditation (EFMD + AACSB). It runs presently 4 major schools: - School of International Business & Management (undergraduate : 4 Year Bachelor’s Degree with Honors, 34 double degrees all over the world, benefits of a specific label from the French and the German Government ) - Graduate School of Management (2 Year Master’s Degree with majors in Marketing & Strategy, HRM, Finance, Innovation & Entrepreneurship). - School of Tourism, Leisure & Events Management (3 Year Bachelor’s Degree + MBA) - School of Design (3 Year Bachelor’s Degree + 2 Year Master’s Degree) The student population is now 1700 students (440 in 2004) + 380 international exchange students. Its (really living) international network (student and teacher/research exchange) is comprised of 196 partner universities. Groupe ESC Troyes School of Design trains students for design careers. Thanks to the many internships and pedagogical projects with companies we train our students for general design careers in creative and design careers. The training is based on simple, solid principles of creative openness and the mastery of technical tools connected with the business world. Teaching is based on the acquisition of essential basics and new materials in design in order to develop students’ creativity and its concrete application. [+]

Master in Global Design

The ancient abbey «Abbaye Saint-Martin-Es-Aires» dating from the XVI century, hoststhe School of Design (Ecole Supérieure de Design). From this location full of history in the business world, students improve their learning skills dealing with companies on real cases. To allow students to experience their creative passion to the full, and to create some good prospects for the future, the pedagogical approach is based on listening to the expectations of professionals through the management of projects and the competitions. On top of that, students carry out an internship of six months minimum in order to gain a real approach of the business world that will make all the difference at the end of their studies.... [-]

Master in Cloud Computing and Services (CCS)

EIT Digital Master School
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 France Paris

The programme in Cloud Computing and Services focuses on a broad range of applications like electronic commerce, mobile services, online social networks, peer-to-peer systems and Web services. [+]

The programme in Cloud Computing and Services focuses on a broad range of applications like electronic commerce, mobile services, online social networks, peer-to-peer systems and Web services. What is common to all of these applications is that information sources and control are decentralised over the network and multiple data centres and their underlying systems become distributed, reconfigurable and adaptive. All this makes the process of developing distributed software systems significantly more complex than for centralised systems. Cloud Computing and Services will provide students with a system of knowledge both in formal foundations, technological platforms and practical skills in implementing distributed software applications. The programme will also provide an insight into current and future directions of the distributed software development. After completion of the study, students understand and know how to use large distributed systems. On top of this they are also capable of designing and constructing cloud computing systems and services on networking and computing infrastructures. The programme will offer six specialisations: (1) Mobile Services, (2) Cloud and Data Analytics, (3) Cloud Infrastructures, (4) Data Intensive Computing, (5) Distributed Information Management, (6) Distributed Data Processing. Programme During the first year, a similar set of courses are offered at the four involved entry points Aalto University, TU Berlin, University Rennes 1 and TU Delft. This includes distributed systems, advanced network technologies, service technologies and cloud programming models. In addition, some elective cours-es may be chosen to prepare for a specialisation. An important part of the programme are the Innovation and & Entrepreneurship (I&E) courses. The I&E basics course provides an introduction to business and management. The Business Development Lab will extend projects mainly in the areas of distributed system and cloud computing by a market survey, a business model generation process and a venture development exercise. We emphasize user driven innovation and holistic analysis of service, technology, organization and financial perspectives, as distributed systems in general and cloud computing in particular are disruptive for existing business models and almost always have a significant impact on the culture and social relations. Society-relevant themes will also be at the core of the summer schools, which will bring students from the different entry points together. Students participating in the CCS track will be offered an internship in a partner industry or research centre of the EIT Digital to work on a thesis project. Directly linked to the master thesis, there will be the I&E minor thesis that will specify the requirements, strategy and business plan for the selected master thesis project. The I&E thesis allows students to study topics including, but not limited to: Different models for cloud computing (IaaS; PaaS, SaaS) Peer-to-peer systems and environments Innovative service for mobile computing (location-based and context-aware services), Parallel and distributed systems Security and privacy for electronic commerce applications Linked open data and semantic web Multi-agent systems. Specialisations Specialisations are provided during the second year. The CCS programme offers 6 specialisations, each at a different location. To meet the requirements for geographic mobility, the chosen exit point needs to differ from the chosen entry point. Mobile Services at Aalto Cloud & Data Analytics at TU Berlin Cloud Infrastructures at University Rennes 1 Data Intensive Computing at KTH Distributed Information Management at Université Paris-Sud Distributed Data Processing at Delft University of Technology Specific Admission Requirements A B.Sc. degree in computer science, computer engineering or information systems, is required. Students should have basic competence in mathematics, theoretical foundations of CS, algorithms and data structures, software engineering and database systems, computer architectures, computer networks and operating systems. [-]

Masters in Formulation Chemistry Engineering - IN FRENCH

Campus Full time 3 - 3  September 2017 France Lyon

Formulation Chemistry allows to make complex polymer combinations in order to create adhesives, inks, paints or cosmetics. [+]

Best Masters in Engineering & Technology in France 2017. Formulation Chemistry allows to make complex polymer combinations in order to create adhesives, inks, paints or cosmetics. Adhesives, which are always invisible yet present, don’t just limit themselves to the general public: they are indispensable in many different fields such as furnishing, medical prosthetics, bridges, airplane structures, domestic appliances... Inks are everywhere: in printing of course, but also in packaging, electronic appliances... Paints must combine many different qualities: impermeable and decorative for walls, non-toxic for food, and furniture, complex for aeronautics... Cosmetics, which have been around since time and memorial, bring together extremely rigorous sanitary constraints which demand a thorough knowledge of the chemistry and polymers for anyone dealing with the domain. Work opportunities for engineers in formulation chemistry are very vast: Uphill: in chemical product firms Conception and fabrication Downhill: industries using the products Admission for Students outside France 1st year admission: Graduate studies in chemistry (Bachelor’s degree or equivalent , 180 ECTS) A satisfying level in French: B2 CERF + interview with ITECH 2nd year admission: 1 year of postgraduate studies completed (M1 or equivalent, 240 ECTS) How to apply? Visit and register at (for EU students) Or Apply through Campus France site (CEF procedures) For countries which do not have CEF procedures with France, you must do an Application for Preliminary Admission (DAP) to the cultural service of the French embassy in your country of residence. Tuition fees Tuition fees for the French Section are 6 500€/year. Hands on training ITECH is adamant in supplying students with a strong professional experience. On top of a multidisciplinary teaching, the institute adds a 10 month minimum of mandatory internships in companies for the regular status students. End of 1st year: International experience - minimum 6 weeks This international experience is prepared in advance in terms of an intercultural approach and the expectations regarding the content of the report are fully defined. This is an individual review of each student’s experience and acts as a basis for reflection during the intercultural lessons the following term. End of 2nd year: Engineering placement - minimum 8 weeks Practical application with privileged trainee status allows students to come face to face with the realities of corporate life and become acquainted with companies’ material, economic and human requirements. End of 3rd year: Final year project - maximum 6 months This is a project generally entrusted to young engineers. Students demonstrate that they are capable of acting autonomously and tackling complex subjects in situations that can, at times, prove complex. The project involves a minimum 5-month placement with a company or laboratory either in France or abroad. The Region Lyon is located in the south-east of France, on the confluence of the Rhône and the Saône Rivers. It stands on a geographical crossroads, to the North of the natural corridor of the Rhône valley (which stretches from Lyon to Marseille). With the Lyon-Saint Exupéry international airport and three TGV high-speed train stations, Lyon is connected to all major European cities and the world! Lyon is only 2 hours by TGV to Paris and 1hr40 to Marseille and the Mediterranean. If it's mountains you prefer, the Alps are a mere 90 minutes away by car, the Massif Central only 30 minutes away. Historically, Lyon is an industrial city and therefore houses many petrochemical industries along the Saône and Rhône Rivers, in the so-called ‘chemistry corridor’. Lyon is also the city with the second largest number of students in France, with three universities and many engineering schools. In terms of its population, it’s the 3rd biggest city in France, with over 470,000 inhabitants, and the second largest agglomeration after Paris (2 million inhabitants). [-]

3rd Cycle Information Systems Manager - Taught in FRENCH

École de Management de Normandie / Normandy Business School
Campus Full time 1 year September 2017 France Caen

This program is taught in FRENCH. [+]

This program is taught in FRENCH. Read the official French description and apply here: 3ème cycle Manager des Systèmes d’Information [-]

International Master in Advanced Clay Science (IMACS)

University of Poitiers
Campus Full time 2 years September 2017 France Poitiers

IMACS is an integrated Master of Science designed by 4 institutions with a wide range of leadership in clay science. [+]

Best Masters in Engineering & Technology in France 2017. ENVIRONMENTS- ECONOMIC GEOLOGY-SOIL MANAGEMENT-GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING-GEOMATERIAL-NANOMATERIAL IMACS is an integrated Master of Science designed by 4 institutions with a wide range of leadership in clay science : the University of Poitiers (UP) in France (co-ordinator), the University of Aveiro (UA) in Portugal, the Technical University of Crete (TUC) (Chania) in Greece, the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) (Porto Alegre) in Brazil. Why clay minerals ? Interest in clays results from their common availability, and their unique physical and chemical properties. No other minerals currently attract so great an interest. In addition to their conventional ancient use as bricks, tiles, ceramics and for paper coating and waste management more recently, clays have found many novel applications. Clay minerals have provided a boost in technology, because they are inexpensive nanomaterials, and as such, they have a huge potential for the synthesis of polymer nanocomposites with superior mechanical and thermal properties. The optimisation of adsorption, colloidal and rheological properties also opens prospects of using clay minerals for medical uses, pollution control, and environmental protection. Clay minerals play a role in economic geology (both as important mineral resource and in energy resource exploration) and soil management. Clays also have many negative effects in geotechnical engineering, manifested in the form of landslides, mudflows, and the deterioration of clay-based construction materials. Clay knowledge is extremely inter- and multidisciplinary as it includes geological, geotechnical, mineralogical, physico-chemical and bio-geochemical aspects. The IMACS is the first master course addressing analytical techniques and their recent developments, clay mineral properties as well as their main application domains. Thus, the complex and versatile nature of clays, as well as their numerous uses and applications, demand that clay engineers have a multidisciplinary education. Objective of the IMACS programme Most existing Masters Courses dealing with clays focus on a single discipline or domain in which Clay Science does not necessarily constitute the main part of the course (Earth Sciences, Civil and Geotechnical Engineering, Materials Science, Environmental and Life Science, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering). However, Clay Science is a multidisciplinary endeavour, combining geology, mineralogy, crystallography, with physics, geotechnology and soil mechanics together with inorganic, organic, colloid chemistry and biochemistry. IMACS (International Master in Advanced Clay Science) is the first multi-disciplinary programme that brings together the widely-distributed knowledge of clays. IMACS is an integrated 2 years master programme delivered by four Universities : the University of Poitiers (France), the Technical University of Crete (Chania - Greece), the University of Aveiro (Portugal) and the Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul (Porto Alegre – Brazil), and is supported by the French Clay Group (GFA) and AIPEA (International Association for the Study of Clay Minerals) which are associated members of IMACS. This programme approved by the European Commission under a very competitive application scheme as an Erasmus Mundus Joint Master programme in July 2009. During the first year, basic knowledge on clays, recent developments in clays and analytical techniques are provided, followed by a first specialization in Environment, soil and geological systems. After this training period, a master project completes the first year programme. The second year incorporates two specializations 1) Geomaterials and civil engineering, and 2) Advanced clay – nanomaterials, and Healing minerals. The master thesis (4 to 6 months) completes this second year and can be carried out at any of the partner research laboratories which constitute a network of more than 20 labelled research laboratories and numerous private companies. The objective of this Master is to form high level graduates by providing them a wide range of competences with applications in Environment, Earth Sciences, Materials (Geomaterials and Nanomaterials)... The interdisciplinary of the IMACS programme gives access to a large job market on the international level. A great number of research laboratories will be able to welcome for PhD IMACS students. IMACS students will be attractive for any engineer vacant positions requiring clay knowledge (Environment and waste management, Civil Engineering, Soils, Industries linked with mineral and energetic resources, Geo materials, Cement and Ceramic industry, Nano-materials, Cosmetics and medicine...). The teaching language is English. The completion of the curriculum is rewarded by a Master Degree or multiple Master Degrees depending on the student mobility. This Masters Course is open to students holding a BSc (or a degree equivalent to 180 ECTS) or an academic equivalence based on professional experience (validation of acquired experience is required), and a fluent understanding of the English language. Our Strengths: In connection with the industrial demand. Analysis expertise for mineral-geomaterial characterization : X-Ray Diffraction, Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy, Thermal Analyses, Tomography… A transdisciplinary approach. Two periods of internship in a partner laboratory (university or industry), conditioned by the grades acquired. An international training course. Documents required The applicant will have to send the following documents: Degree equivalent to BSc A certified (translated in English) copy of the required degree for application in a Masters Course (at least a Bachelor Degree or a nationally recognized degree equivalent to 180 ECTS). If requested, the applicant must prove the international recognition of the mentioned Degree as equivalent to a Bachelor and provide such official recognition translated in English. An academic equivalency could be attributed based on the professional experience of the applicant (validation of acquired experience). In consequence, the programme is not only open to B.Sc. students. Note: The application can be sent even if the B.Sc. is not fully completed at the deadline. This situation shall be explained precisely in the additional explanation letter. The IMACS selection board will decide if the application will be processed or not. Students from the following countries must contact the French Embassy or Consulate in their country as soon as possible: Algeria, Argentina, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo Brazzaville, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Lebanon, Madagascar, Mali, Marocco, Mauritius, Mexico, Peru, Senegal, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey, USA, Vietnam. These students must follow the standard CEF (Centre for Studies in France) online application process on the Campus France website.The Campus France pre-enrolment certificate is compulsory. Language proficiency Excepted for native speaker, a certified fluent level in English is needed as proof of the sufficient knowledge of the English language. Additional proficiency in French, Greek or Portuguese could also be sent. Transcript of records Transcript of records presenting the complete list of courses validated during the Bachelor with the grade obtained in an explained scale (preferentially the ECTS grading scale or the international norm defined by the NCEFEC on a scale from A+ to E). This document must be an official document emanating from the concerned institution with the name and the signature of person in charge of the formation and must be in English or a copy of a certified translation in English must be provided. Recommendations Two letters of reference emanating from two different teachers, researchers and/or professionals, who have directly known the applicant during a teaching or work period, explaining the applicant's suitability with respect to the programme applied for. The evaluation form completed by the person in charge of the last training (Bachelor or Master courses). Letter of motivation Typewritten or word-processed, in English, in which the applicant explains why he/she is applying, how he/she thinks that this application can help him/her and favor his/her personal project, what are his/her professional objectives. This letter must also present the candidate's arguments explaining his/her preference for the training mobility. CV Europass A curriculum vitae (in English) giving additional information useful for the evaluation and perception of the applicant's interest and suitability to the IMACS programme (the applicant's experience, project, training or studies abroad ; work experience, actual and past professional activities, miscellaneous & language skills). The creation of the CV Europass is performed on the EU website. Duly completed and signed Application form. Recent photography Copy of passport (or Id) Note that selected non European students have to possess a passport with an expiration date posterior to the normal date of the end of the course to which he/she is enrolled for (e.g. around 3 years). Additional explanation letter (if necessary) The applicant can explain in a separate letter specific issues, for example : special needs, missing documents... ... [-]

Advanced Master in Aviation Safety Aircraft Airworthiness

Campus Full time 1 year September 2017 France Toulouse

The main objective of air transport is to ensure the safety of the passengers, crew and people on the ground which is mainly done through aircraft airworthiness activities. Such [+]

Advanced Master in Aviation Safety Aircraft Airworthiness The main objective of air transport is to ensure the safety of the passengers, crew and people on the ground which is mainly done through aircraft airworthiness activities.

Such activities must be considered as a coherent process running from the design of the aircraft to the monitoring of its technical condition in airline service. This Mastère Spécialisé covers both the technical aspects of certification, i.e the compliance with applicable requirements and the legal implications and obligations. This course has been designed to give future managers a broad understanding of the issues and priorities which, as far as aeronautical construction is concerned, have an international dimension.... [-]

Dual International Masters in Mathematical Informatics

West Catholic University - Université Catholique de l’Ouest
Campus Full time 24 months September 2017 France Angers

The Dual International Masters in Mathematical Informatics is unique programme delivered by two academically renowned Universities in Europe: Liverpool Hope University, UK and the Université Catholique de l’Ouest, France. [+]

Best Masters in Engineering & Technology in France 2017. MSc Computer Science and Informatics - Liverpool Hope University, UK MSc Applied Mathematics - Université Catholique de l’Ouest, France The Dual International Masters in Mathematical Informatics is a unique programme delivered by two academically renowned Universities in Europe: Liverpool Hope University, UK and the Université Catholique de l’Ouest, France. By utilising the teaching knowledge, research excellence and first class faculties of two leading European institutions, the Dual International Masters in Mathematical Informatics provides a world class academic curriculum and practical learning experience for the technology and scientific graduates of the future. The Dual International Masters in Mathematical Informatics programme provides students the opportunity to study both in the UK and in France where they will gain two degrees in less time and at a lower cost than it would take to earn the degrees independently. Successful graduates will gain the MSc Computer Science and Informatics, awarded by Liverpool Hope University, UK and MSc Applied Mathematics, taught at the Université Catholique de l’Ouest, and awarded by the University of Angers, France. The programme includes a paid internship where students will be working on a technology project within a company. The internship gives an opportunity to utilise the technical, scientific and academic knowledge learnt within the programme whilst further developing communication, teamwork and interpersonal skills. The internship cumulates in a research dissertation that is assessed by both Liverpool Hope University and Université Catholique de l’Ouest. Entry Requirements: A good degree (minimum of second class or equivalent) in computer science, computing, science, or an engineering-based discipline, OR; A good degree (minimum of second class or equivalent) with at least 50% computing element, plus analytical aptitude, OR; Highly relevant industrial experience equivalent to degree level, and analytical aptitude Computer Science, computing, science, or an engineering based discipline. English language requirement: Students whose first language is not English are normally required to have an IELTS 6.5 (reading 6, writing 6), TOEFL ibt 87 or other equivalent recognised English language qualification. International Students: fill out the form on this page to contacts us for additional information. [-]

Mastère Spécialisé SIS : Sécurité de l’Information et des Systèmes

ESIEA Graduate Engineering School
Campus Full time 12 months October 2017 France Paris

Le Mastère Spécialisé® SIS s’adresse à tous ceux qui souhaitent devenir experts de la sécurité de l’information et des systèmes, disposant d’une vision globale du système d’information – et plus généralement de l’information – qu’ils doivent protéger, et capables de répondre de manière rapide et efficace aux situations très variées d’insécurité, liées à des attaques externes ou internes, auxquelles ils se trouvent confrontés. [+]

Le Mastère Spécialisé® SIS s’adresse à tous ceux qui souhaitent devenir experts de la sécurité de l’information et des systèmes, disposant d’une vision globale du système d’information – et plus généralement de l’information – qu’ils doivent protéger, et capables de répondre de manière rapide et efficace aux situations très variées d’insécurité, liées à des attaques externes ou internes, auxquelles ils se trouvent confrontés. Face à ces phénomènes, le spécialiste doit avoir une vision globale. Le Mastère Spécialisé® SIS est destiné à des profils Bac+5 (ou éventuellement Bac+4) sachant programmer, et ayant un socle technique solide. Le Mastère Spécialisé® SIS est notamment ouvert aux cadres déjà en activité qui souhaitent se spécialiser en sécurité informatique. À l’issue de la formation, les étudiants sont capables d’évaluer la sécurité d’un système d’information, de définir un plan de protection des installations qui leur sont confiées, d’élaborer et de mettre en oeuvre les dispositifs techniques correspondants, et d’en assurer l’exploitation opérationnelle. Ils interviendront en tant que responsables opérationnels, ingénieurs, consultants ou chefs de projets dans la sécurité des systèmes d’information ou des réseaux, le développement d’applications sécurisées, le reverse engineering ou encore l’audit et l’évaluation des risques. La Sécurité de l’Information & des Systèmes : du code au réseau Le Mastère Spécialisé SIS a pour objectif de former les spécialistes de la sécurité de l’information que les entreprises attendent. Les points forts du Mastère Spécialisé Sécurité de l’Information et des Systèmes 1. Un Mastère Spécialisé est une formation Bac+6 d’une durée d’au moins deux semestres. Elle inclut des enseignements théoriques, un travail personnel de recherche en entreprise et la soutenance d’une thèse professionnelle. Cette formation est accréditée par la Conférence des Grandes Écoles. 2. Le Mastère Spécialisé SIS – ESIEA est une formation exhaustive et exigeante qui va de l’ISO 27001 jusqu’au Reverse Engineering, la virologie et la cryptologie, en passant par la programmation sécurisée, l’intelligence économique, la sécurité Windows ou la programmation de cartes à puce. 3. La pédagogie repose sur une mise en pratique constante, où l’étudiant est véritablement acteur de sa formation. Afin de se placer dans des situations proches de la réalité des entreprises, des scénarios d’urgence sont reproduits en temps réel dans notre laboratoire de sécurité, ou opposent des équipes qui défendent et attaquent alternativement un système ou une application. 4. Le Mastère Spécialisé SIS – ESIEA fait intervenir une cinquantaine d’experts, souvent internationalement reconnus. 5. Créé en 2004, le Mastère Spécialisé SIS – ESIEA a diplômé plus de 350 étudiants. 6. L’ESIEA est un acteur reconnu de la formation et de la recherche en matière de cybersécurité. L’école fait partie des rares acteurs de l’enseignement cités par le rapport d’information sur la cyberdéfense du Sénateur Bockel (Juillet 2012). Son équipe de cryptologie et virologie opérationnelles a été à l’origine du projet DAVFI, de développement d’un antivirus open source « made in France”, soutenu par l’État dans le cadre des Investissements d’Avenir. 7. Le Mastère Spécialisé SIS – ESIEA figure : Dans les quatre formations retenues dans la catégorie « Réseaux, Télécoms, NTIC » par le Palmarès 2014 des meilleurs Mastères Spécialisés du journal Le Figaro- Étudiant. Comme seule formation en sécurité retenue dans le banc d’essai 2014 des MS et MBA spécialisés en Systèmes d’Information du journal Le Parisien Pré-requis La formation exige des pré-requis techniques, une forte motivation et une grande disponibilité : Savoir élaborer un programme en C et Java Connaître et savoir utiliser les commandes UNIX Posséder des notions générales sur l’architecture d’un système, hors matériels, (processeur, mémoire, système d’entrée, sortie) : rôles et relations. De très bonnes capacités d’expression orale et écrite en langue française sont aussi exigées, ainsi qu’un bon niveau en langue anglaise. Candidatures (année universitaire 2017/2018) Les demandes de Dossier de Candidature doivent être faites par courrier, accompagné d’un CV qui permet à la Direction du Programme de statuer sur la recevabilité de votre candidature. Si votre candidature est jugée recevable, nous vous adressons un Dossier de Candidature, qui doit nous être retourné dûment complété. La première session de recrutement pour le Mastère Spécialisé SIS porte sur les dossiers déposés avant le 31 mai 2017. Il est recommandé à tous les candidats de faire leur demande, et leur dépôt, de dossier au plus tôt – et notamment pour les candidats salariés, qui feront une demande d’aide du FONGECIF, ou les candidats étrangers, qui devront faire des démarches d’obtention de visa. Une vingtaine de places seulement sont ouvertes. En fonction des places restant disponibles, une session de recrutement supplémentaire se terminera le 30 juin 2017, et éventuellement une troisième, avant le 25 septembre 2017. Après étude du dossier de candidature, les candidats déclarés admissibles, sont convoqués pour deux entretiens (ou, pour les candidats résidant à l’étranger, pour un rendez-vous Skype ou téléphonique) : un entretien avec Vincent GUYOT, directeur scientifique du Mastère Spécialisé de Paris, ou Eric FILIOL Directeur de Recherche, laboratoire CVO (Cryptologie et Virologie Opérationnelle) axe CNS (Confiance Numérique et Sécurité). un entretien avec un autre membre de l’équipe pédagogique. La décision d’admission est notifiée au candidat par écrit à la suite de ces entretiens, dans le mois qui suit la date limite de dépôt de dossier. Cette décision relève du directeur général de l’ESIEA, sur proposition motivée du Directeur de Programme. L’inscription définitive est soumise au règlement de la scolarité. [-]

Diploma Engineer General

Ecole des Hautes Etudes d'Ingénieur
Campus Full time September 2017 France Châteauroux

The engineer HEI? It is above all a truly generalist engineer who has a strong scientific and technical background. It is also a curious engineer, humanist, listening to others, sensitive to its environment, international profile. [+]

Best Masters in Engineering & Technology in France 2017. Diploma Engineer GP - full-time The engineer HEI? It is above all a truly generalist engineer who has a strong scientific and technical background. It is also a curious engineer, humanist, listening to others, sensitive to its environment, international profile. It is finally a manager, a business executive, enterprising, creative, a Managénieur ®. The diploma is accredited by the CTI (Commission for engineering qualifications) since 1935. The degree is awarded in three different teaching methods: the initial full-time training, initial training by learning and continuing education (sector Fontanet). A common approach All engineering students HEI have common approaches to graduation: - Training combines the teachings of core (underlying the general dimension of the diploma) and fields (to professionalize). - They are accompanied to mature their project throughout the course through the PPP (personal and professional project). - They must experience a international mobility are trained in foreign languages ​​and are aware of interculturalism. - The course is structured around four major themes: - Science, techniques, technologies from the various engineering professions - the world of business, environment, organization, management methods and management - human and social development, knowledge and Human Sciences, the ethical dimension - but also behavioral, relational dimensions of communication "construction, realization, self-fulfillment." Training that gives meaning Students on the campus of Lille formulate wishes domain upon entry into the first year to give meaning to their training. Throughout the course, they explore different routes (courses, workshops, meetings with professionals, company visits, cultural openings ...) to confirm their interest in entering the cycle begins 4eannée professionalization. The school thus supports the construction and consolidation of their personal and professional project. In general, about 95% of students have access to their first choice domain expressed in Grade 3. The advantage of a general school is the opportunity for students to change their original choice if they wish, their desire for change based on a pedagogical evaluation. The engineering cycle On the campus of Lille, engineering studies, students combine courses and projects to lead a team, to internships, associations and international experiences. Course options and experiences punctuate the HEI studies to consolidate their personal and professional project. This engineering program is realized in the majority of cases in the extension of preparatory classes for HEI (in the course in 5 years). It is also accessible in parallel admissions. A curriculum both general ... The core curriculum is organized by divisions. It covers a wide range of disciplines: mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering, computing, automation, electrical, electronic, mechanical, fluid and energy, human, literature, language, organization and management of business, sport, across the curriculum. And professionalizing ...! The 11 areas of professional enrich the general training with specific knowledge and skills. This represents 600 hours divided into 4th and 5th year and 400h and 200h 4th year 5th year. The engineering course combines lessons core (70% of the lessons of the engineering cycle) courses of professional fields (30% of course) choice (11 areas, including 8 accessible 4th year + 3 areas to which it is can bifurcate 5th year). During the cycle of professionalization (4th and 5th year), the teachings of areas complement the core courses with a view to future employability of engineers. These programs, designed in close collaboration with the business world, incorporate deepening in the last year to complete the professional background of students. Many actors now involved in this phase of the curriculum. [-]