A master's degree is a postgraduate academic degree. One must already have an undergraduate degree to apply for a master's program. Most master's degree program would require students to complete a master's thesis or research paper.
An MSc in Earth Sciences is a degree that focuses in research of the different systems engaged in the Earth. Students will obtain research skills, knowledge and understanding of climatic consequences of interaction of different components and the interaction of the biosphere with the lithosphere, cryosphere and hydrosphere.
There are more than four thousand higher education organizations in Europe, from leading research institutions to small, teaching-focused universities. Europe itself is not as much different than other continents, reaching from the Arctic Circle to the coast of Africa.
View all Master Programs in Earth Science in Europe 2019
IMACS is an integrated Master of Science designed by 4 institutions with a wide range of leadership in clay science. [+]
ENVIRONMENTS- ECONOMIC GEOLOGY-SOIL MANAGEMENT-GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING-GEOMATERIAL-NANOMATERIAL
IMACS is an integrated Master of Science designed by 4 institutions with a wide range of leadership in clay science :the University of Poitiers (UP) in France (co-ordinator), the University of Aveiro (UA) in Portugal, the Technical University of Crete (TUC) (Chania) in Greece, the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) (Porto Alegre) in Brazil. Why clay minerals?
Interest in clays results from their common availability, and their unique physical and chemical properties. No other minerals currently attract so great an interest.
In addition to their conventional ancient use as bricks, tiles, ceramics and for paper coating and waste management more recently, clays have found many novel applications. Clay minerals have provided a boost in technology because they are inexpensive nanomaterials, and as such, they have a huge potential for the synthesis of polymer nanocomposites with superior mechanical and thermal properties. The optimisation of adsorption, colloidal and rheological properties also opens prospects of using clay minerals for medical uses, pollution control, and environmental protection. Clay minerals play a role in economic geology (both as an important mineral resource and in energy resource exploration) and soil management. Clays also have many negative effects in geotechnical engineering, manifested in the form of landslides, mudflows, and the deterioration of clay-based construction materials.... [-]