Education in Ghana
Education is a prominent component of life in Ghana. The country is actively working to improve its literacy rate and strengthen its overall economy as a result. The adult literacy rate here is about 71 percent. Males are more likely to have an education than females. Children enter the school at the nursery school level, usually at age three or four. They move on to primary school at the age of six. They remain in primary school for about six years. Students then move on to high school. Both a junior and a senior high school are present.
At the end of their high school years, students are tested. They will then determine if they will enter into a university program or a tertiary program. Many students will enter more vocational based educational programs rather than enrolling in university.
Higher Education in Ghana
In terms of opportunities for higher education, the country has numerous choices for students. There are 21 public training colleges in the country, most of which offer specialized education for students who need between one and three years of education. There are 18 technical institutions present and two institutions issuing diplomas. The country also is home to six universities as well as various private programs. The following is a list of the public universities available in the country:
- The University of Ghana
- University of Cape Coast
- University of Education
- University of Mines and Technology
- Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
- University for Develop Studies
Additionally, the country has attracted private investment and school development. In recent years, several new universities have developed, all of which are private institutions. These include:
- Ghana Telecom University Colleges
- Central University College
- Ashesi University College
- Methodist University College of Ghana
- Regent University College of Science and Technology
- Valley View University
Of these, the oldest school in the country is the University of Ghana, which opened its doors in 1948. The focus of education throughout these schools is very diverse. Many students study business, social sciences, and medicine. However, there is also a strong demand for technology based education, the arts, and humanities. Perhaps the most well known school in the region is Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, which has become a top school in this portion of Africa.
Diversity in Education and Opportunities
Though many people believe that the educational system in Ghana and the surrounding area may not be ideal for all international students, there are many reasons to learn here. One of the best reasons to do so is because the region is so diverse. When international students study here, they have the ability to interact with and network with people, businesses, and governments from throughout the western portion of Africa. As a result, there are opportunities to learn the culture and laws here and then to use those as a tool for finding employment and opportunities throughout the region.
Visas for Students
Students will need to obtain a visa to study here. The student visa requires students to already have an active passport and acceptance into a school. An application for office student visas must be sent along with an invitation letter to the embassy for the student to receive a visa. There are fees associated with obtaining the visa, but for most students the process is simple and straightforward.