Ingéniorat en Agronomie
(Option: Soil Sciences, Cultivation and Water and Forestry)
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences is one of the 6 faculties of the Bukavu Catholic University (UCB), a private university created in 1989 by decree of the Archbishop of Bukavu and declared to be of public utility by Presidential Decree No. 06/106 of 12 June 2006. As a university, it has a threefold mission: teaching, research and service to the community.
5 permanent professors
- 2 Doctors in Agronomic Sciences, option Agricultural economics and biological control,
- 1 Doctor in Agronomic Sciences, genetic option and plant improvement,
- 1 Doctor in Agronomic Sciences, general agronomy option.
8 permanent professors attached to other faculties of the University
- 5 Visiting Professors from the Square (Bukavu)
- 3 visiting professors
- 4 heads of work of the other faculties of the University
- 5 heads of work of the universities of the city and 2 from elsewhere
- 1 assistant of a faculty of the University and 6 of the academic institutions of the Bukavu
Scientific staff of the faculty
- 12 Masters in agronomy, including 5 doctoral students and 3 assistants, including 1 doctoral student; this scientific staff provides practical work and sometimes some courses that do not require a doctorate level specialization.
III. Student Population and Graduates
the student population (enrolled students) and the number of graduates (agronomic engineers) are increasing from year to year, as can be seen in the table below.
Students come from all provinces, especially from South Kivu. For 2009-2010, 117 students are enrolled in the first year agronomy, a first record. The number of registrants also includes G1 Biomedicales, placed under the authority of the Dean of Agronomy.
IV. Orientations of the Faculty
The Faculty currently has three orientations, namely Phytotechnics (Crop production), soil sciences and waters and forests. Because the province of South Kivu is in a fragile ecology, it is important to deal with soil problems for a sustainable farming and a reasoned exploitation of the forest in order to counter the effects of climate change.
As soon as the training of Assistants is very advanced, the Department of Food Chemistry and Transformation will be opened to give added value to foodstuffs and meet the government's concern in this field.
V. Research Areas
For the permanent professors of agronomists, research areas are plant improvement, soil fertilization with local resources available to the farmer, and protection of crops against diseases and pests using local resources, especially plants deemed to have a local effect, especially plants deemed to have an insecticidal or insect repellent or fungicidal effect, which in fact exist well in the region. Indeed, agriculture in South Kivu is practiced largely by peasants, who hardly seem to have a hectare a year, given their meager resources. Their recommendation of modern methods of fertilization or plant protection is out of reach of their purse. The identification of material resistant to pests and diseases and the characterization of this resistance should also be noted here.
In the livestock sector, emphasis should be placed on improving genetic alteration of goats and bovines.
The faculty's partners are numerous, both for teaching and for research. As an example, the universities of Kinshasa, Kisangani and IFA, in the interior and the University of Burundi and the UCL, outside the country, during wartime; for research: VLIR, Ghent University, KUL, INERA, CIALCA, CUD, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Pharmakina, Bralima, Ruforum, etc.
The faculty is ready to collaborate with any professor interested in food security, swamp remediation, climate change and any other field of agronomic research.
The faculty has three farms within a 30-kilometer radius of Bukavu, covering a total area of more than 250 ha. In these farms the faculty undertakes the multiplication of seeds and the breeding of about sixty head of cattle. Grazing is being improved to give livestock good grass and ensure dry season feeding.
Soil, plant and analytical chemistry laboratories are functional, as are soil microbiology, phytopathology and in vitro culture.
Research projects have been funded and are underway; These include a project on the sanitation of cassava clones with respect to the African Cassava Mosaic Disease, the dynamaic of the productive sectors in the province of South Kivu, the VLIR projects -GIFS and VLIR-inputs, completed projects; the system of intensification of irrigated rice farming and the introduction of medium-altitude corn germplasm and the production of inoculants to increase legume production.
The VLIR CIU is funding a 12-year project on the agronomic aspects of resource management in Kivu in the context of post-conflict management and CRS is funding a project on the promotion of coffee growing in South Kivu.
The immediate needs of the faculty are the search for partners in foreign universities who would agree to collaborate with the UCB to:
- to contribute to the functioning of the orientations of animal production and food chemistry and technology by teaching missions;
- enrich the documentation and carry out joint research programs, the research potential being enormous in this part of the DRC
In terms of equipment, the faculty would like to acquire a laboratory of GIS (the procedures are in progress), a plant clinic to meet the needs of planters and the laboratory of food technology. In terms of training, the faculty would like to train at least 2 PhD in food technology and 2 PhD in food technology and 2 PhD in forestry management.
This school offers programs in: