About Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina make up a triangular-shaped republic, on the Balkan peninsula. The Bosnian region in the north is mountainous and covered with thick forests. The Herzegovina region in the south is a largely rugged, flat farmland. Today, the country maintains high literacy, life expectancy and education levels. Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural beauty and cultural heritage.
Studying overseas is an outstanding opportunity to see the world, meet new people from various cultures, and to learn about the history and modern life of people in that area. For some students, studying in Bosnia and Herzegovina is ideal. It provides individuals with an opportunity to explore one of the least known areas of the world in a formal way. This country's diverse culture coupled by its strong desire to be a modern country has led many individuals looking not just for education but also a place to call home after school to its borders. It could be the ideal choice for any student.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country located in the southeastern portion of Europe, located on the Balkan Peninsula. The largest city in the country is Sarajevo, which is also its capital. The country has a large urban lifestyle with about 430,000 people calling it home. It is on the Adriatic Sea and borders the countries of Serbia, Montenegro, and Croatia. It only has about 12 miles of coastline along the water. The interior of the country is mostly mountains, and yet it has a warm, welcoming atmosphere throughout.
Cost of Living
The cost of living in Bosnia and Herzegovina ranges significantly. Compared to other European countries, it is less expensive overall. Food and transportation remain affordable, with an average meal costing under €15 at a restaurant. Many students live in dormatories or nearby flats. Some students pay more to live off campus. Additionally, many students will stay with sponsor families to lower costs overall.
The overall climate here is of continental Europe. The summer months can be very hot, reaching temperatures as high as 80 degrees F. Winter months are colder. Those areas where the elevation is higher tend to have short summers that are cooler but also have severe winters. Along the coastline, the temperatures are much more moderate and more like traditional Mediterranean temperatures.
Though Bosnia and Herzegovina is working on improvements of all sorts, it is important to remember that this country remains very war-torn in various areas. It is rebuilding, but it is also making a significant change towards a more modern lifestyle and overall mixed economy. The country has a rich history, of which it is very proud. It is mostly dependent on the agricultural industries, but there are improving industries including in areas such as healthcare, technology, and business.
Study in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The educational system in the country here is not only modern, but one of the oldest in the region. In fact, higher education has been present here since 1531. Some of these early schools are still present in the region today. Students who live here enroll in school by the age of seven. Primary education continues through age 14, which is compulsory. Students then move on to secondary school. Both levels are provided free of charge to students. Most students will enroll in a general or a technical secondary school. These students remain in these schools for up to four years. Students graduating from the general secondary school earn a diploma called a Matura. Others will enter into a technical school to earn a diploma which qualifies them to work in the field of study.
Higher Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Many students will go on to higher education. This system is made up of eight universities. Those include the following:
- University of Tuzla
- University of Sarajevo
- University of Zenica
- University of Bihac
- University Dzemal Bijedic of Mostar
- University of Mostar
- University of Banja Luka
- University of East Sarajevo
These schools offer more than 90 faculties from which students can pursue their education. In addition, there are art academies for some students. There are also 22 private higher education universities present here. Students can choose where to enroll and what to do. Those individuals will then work through education until the point of entering into the workforce. The following degrees are present in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- Undergraduate education earns students a bachelor's degree. This lasts for about three to four years.
- Students move on to post graduate programs next. This encompasses about two additional years of courses. Students earn a masters degree at this level.
- Some students will continue on to post graduate university courses. This can last up to three years. A PhD course like this is usually only for those who have earned work experience. Students graduate with either a Doctorate of Science or of the Arts.
Foreign students are welcomed into many of these schools. Most students come through educational programs and study abroad programs, though students can also apply directly to some of the larger universities.
Student Visa Requirements
If you are visiting the country for less than three months, you do not need to obtain a visa to do so. This is only possible for those who are a citizen of the European Union, the United States, or Canada. Most other countries require visitor visas. You will need a student visa if you plan to stay longer. These will provide up to 12 months of stay, with the possibility of requesting an extension. Students will need to have an application and approval letter from their school of choice before applying for the visa to prove the student has the necessary need to arrive.
Why Study in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Students have plenty of choices when it comes to obtaining higher education. However, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, education can be a rich resource. Many of the schools have a religious background, but are modern and feature an active campus life. Additionally, many students who complete their graduate degrees here often stay on and work in their fields. Jobs are not overly plentiful, but opportunities existing in various fields, making this an ideal place for many people looking for a place to make a difference. For this reason, many international students do come to Bosnia and Herzegovina to earn an education, but also to create a life as well.